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CanvasRenderingContext2D.translate()

The CanvasRenderingContext2D.translate() method of the Canvas 2D API adds a translation transformation by moving the canvas and its origin x horizontally and y vertically on the grid.

Syntax

void ctx.translate(x, y);

Parameters

x
Distance to move in the horizontal direction.
y
Distance to move in the vertical direction.

Examples

Using the translate method

This is just a simple code snippet which uses the translate method.

HTML

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

JavaScript

var canvas = document.getElementById("canvas");
var ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");

ctx.translate(50, 50);
ctx.fillRect(0,0,100,100);

// reset current transformation matrix to the identity matrix
ctx.setTransform(1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0);

Edit the code below and see your changes update live in the canvas:

Playable code
<canvas id="canvas" width="400" height="200" class="playable-canvas"></canvas>
<div class="playable-buttons">
  <input id="edit" type="button" value="Edit" />
  <input id="reset" type="button" value="Reset" />
</div>
<textarea id="code" class="playable-code">
ctx.translate(50, 50);
ctx.fillRect(0,0,100,100);
ctx.setTransform(1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0);</textarea>
var canvas = document.getElementById("canvas");
var ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
var textarea = document.getElementById("code");
var reset = document.getElementById("reset");
var edit = document.getElementById("edit");
var code = textarea.value;

function drawCanvas() {
  ctx.clearRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
  eval(textarea.value);
}

reset.addEventListener("click", function() {
  textarea.value = code;
  drawCanvas();
});

edit.addEventListener("click", function() {
  textarea.focus();
})

textarea.addEventListener("input", drawCanvas);
window.addEventListener("load", drawCanvas);

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'CanvasRenderingContext2D.translate' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: fscholz, charlie
 Last updated by: charlie,