CanvasRenderingContext2D.transform()

The CanvasRenderingContext2D.transform() method of the Canvas 2D API multiplies the current transformation with the matrix described by the arguments of this method. You are able to scale, rotate, move and skew the context.

See also the setTransform() method which resets the current transform to the identity matrix and then invokes transform().

Syntax

void ctx.transform(a, b, c, d, e, f);

The transformation matrix is described by: [acebdf001]\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} a & c & e \\ b & d & f \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array} \right]

Parameters

a (m11)
Horizontal scaling.
b (m12)
Horizontal skewing.
c (m21)
Vertical skewing.
d (m22)
Vertical scaling.
e (dx)
Horizontal moving.
f (dy)
Vertical moving.

Examples

Using the transform method

This is just a simple code snippet which uses the transform method.

HTML

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

JavaScript

var canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

ctx.transform(1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0);
ctx.fillRect(0, 0, 100, 100);

Edit the code below and see your changes update live in the canvas:

Playable code
<canvas id="canvas" width="400" height="200" class="playable-canvas"></canvas>
<div class="playable-buttons">
  <input id="edit" type="button" value="Edit" />
  <input id="reset" type="button" value="Reset" />
</div>
<textarea id="code" class="playable-code">
ctx.transform(1,1,0,1,0,0);
ctx.fillRect(0,0,100,100);</textarea>
var canvas = document.getElementById("canvas");
var ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
var textarea = document.getElementById("code");
var reset = document.getElementById("reset");
var edit = document.getElementById("edit");
var code = textarea.value;

function drawCanvas() {
  ctx.clearRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
  ctx.save();
  eval(textarea.value);
  ctx.restore();
}

reset.addEventListener("click", function() {
  textarea.value = code;
  ctx.setTransform(1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0);
  drawCanvas();
});

edit.addEventListener("click", function() {
  textarea.focus();
})

textarea.addEventListener("input", drawCanvas);
window.addEventListener("load", drawCanvas);

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'CanvasRenderingContext2D.transform' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, RexHsu, nmve, erikadoyle
Last updated by: fscholz,