BaseAudioContext.createAnalyser()

The createAnalyser() method of the BaseAudioContext interface creates an AnalyserNode, which can be used to expose audio time and frequency data and create data visualisations.

Note: The AnalyserNode() constructor is the recommended way to create an AnalyserNode; see Creating an AudioNode.

Note: For more on using this node, see the AnalyserNode page.

Syntax

var analyserNode = baseAudioContext.createAnalyser();

Returns

An AnalyserNode.

Example

The following example shows basic usage of an AudioContext to create an Analyser node, then use requestAnimationFrame() to collect time domain data repeatedly and draw an "oscilloscope style" output of the current audio input. For more complete applied examples/information, check out our Voice-change-O-matic demo (see app.js lines 128–205 for relevant code).

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var analyser = audioCtx.createAnalyser();

  ...

analyser.fftSize = 2048;
var bufferLength = analyser.frequencyBinCount;
var dataArray = new Uint8Array(bufferLength);
analyser.getByteTimeDomainData(dataArray);

// draw an oscilloscope of the current audio source

function draw() {

      drawVisual = requestAnimationFrame(draw);

      analyser.getByteTimeDomainData(dataArray);

      canvasCtx.fillStyle = 'rgb(200, 200, 200)';
      canvasCtx.fillRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT);

      canvasCtx.lineWidth = 2;
      canvasCtx.strokeStyle = 'rgb(0, 0, 0)';

      canvasCtx.beginPath();

      var sliceWidth = WIDTH * 1.0 / bufferLength;
      var x = 0;

      for(var i = 0; i < bufferLength; i++) {

        var v = dataArray[i] / 128.0;
        var y = v * HEIGHT/2;

        if(i === 0) {
          canvasCtx.moveTo(x, y);
        } else {
          canvasCtx.lineTo(x, y);
        }

        x += sliceWidth;
      }

      canvasCtx.lineTo(canvas.width, canvas.height/2);
      canvasCtx.stroke();
    };

    draw();

Specifications

Specification
Web Audio API
# dom-baseaudiocontext-createanalyser

Browser compatibility

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See also