The ChannelSplitterNode interface, often used in conjunction with its opposite, ChannelMergerNode, separates the different channels of an audio source into a set of mono outputs. This is useful for accessing each channel separately, e.g. for performing channel mixing where gain must be separately controlled on each channel.

If your ChannelSplitterNode always has one single input, the amount of outputs is defined by a parameter on its constructor and the call to AudioContext.createChannelSplitter(). In the case that no value is given, it will default to 6. If there are fewer channels in the input than there are outputs, supernumerary outputs are silent.

Number of inputs 1
Number of outputs variable; default to 6.
Channel count mode "max"
Channel count 2 (not used in the default count mode)
Channel interpretation "speakers"


No specific property; inherits properties from its parent, AudioNode.


No specific method; inherits methods from its parent, AudioNode.


The following simple example shows how you could separate a stereo track (say, a piece of music), and process the left and right channel differently. To use them, you need to use the second and third parameters of the AudioNode.connect(AudioNode) method, which allow you to specify the index of the channel to connect from and the index of the channel to connect to.

var ac = new AudioContext();
ac.decodeAudioData(someStereoBuffer, function(data) {
 var source = ac.createBufferSource();
 source.buffer = data;
 var splitter = ac.createChannelSplitter(2);
 var merger = ac.createChannelMerger(2);

 // Reduce the volume of the left channel only
 var gainNode = ac.createGain();
 gainNode.gain.value = 0.5;
 splitter.connect(gainNode, 0);

 // Connect the splitter back to the second input of the merger: we
 // effectively swap the channels, here, reversing the stereo image.
 gainNode.connect(merger, 0, 1);
 splitter.connect(merger, 1, 0);

 var dest = ac.createMediaStreamDestination();

 // Because we have used a ChannelMergerNode, we now have a stereo
 // MediaStream we can use to pipe the Web Audio graph to WebRTC,
 // MediaRecorder, etc.


Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'ChannelSplitterNode' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 10.0webkit 25.0 (25.0)  No support 15.0webkit
22 (unprefixed)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? 26.0 1.2 ? ? ? 33.0

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: mileselam,