The decodeAudioData() method of the BaseAudioContext Interface is used to asynchronously decode audio file data contained in an ArrayBuffer. In this case the ArrayBuffer is loaded from XMLHttpRequest and FileReader. The decoded AudioBuffer is resampled to the AudioContext's sampling rate, then passed to a callback or promise.

This is the preferred method of creating an audio source for Web Audio API from an audio track. This method only works on complete file data, not fragments of audio file data.

Syntax

Older callback syntax:

baseAudioContext.decodeAudioData(ArrayBuffer, successCallback, errorCallback);

Newer promise-based syntax:

Promise<decodedData> baseAudioContext.decodeAudioData(ArrayBuffer);

Parameters

ArrayBuffer
An ArrayBuffer containing the audio data to be decoded, usually grabbed from XMLHttpRequest, WindowOrWorkerGlobalScope.fetch() or FileReader.
DecodeSuccessCallback
A callback function to be invoked when the decoding successfully finishes. The single argument to this callback is an AudioBuffer representing the decodedData (the decoded PCM audio data). Usually you'll want to put the decoded data into an AudioBufferSourceNode, from which it can be played and manipulated how you want.
DecodeErrorCallback
An optional error callback, to be invoked if an error occurs when the audio data is being decoded.

Return value

Void, or a Promise object that fulfills with the decodedData.

Example

In this section we will first cover the older callback-based system and then the newer promise-based syntax.

Older callback syntax

In this example, the getData() function uses XHR to load an audio track, setting the responseType of the request to arraybuffer so that it returns an array buffer as its response that we then store in the audioData variable . We then pass this buffer into a decodeAudioData() function; the success callback takes the successfully decoded PCM data, puts it into an AudioBufferSourceNode created using AudioContext.createBufferSource(), connects the source to the AudioContext.destination and sets it to loop.

The buttons in the example simply run getData() to load the track and start it playing, and stop it playing, respectively. When the stop() method is called on the source, the source is cleared out.

Note: You can run the example live (or view the source.)

// define variables

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var source;

var pre = document.querySelector('pre');
var myScript = document.querySelector('script');
var play = document.querySelector('.play');
var stop = document.querySelector('.stop');

// use XHR to load an audio track, and
// decodeAudioData to decode it and stick it in a buffer.
// Then we put the buffer into the source

function getData() {
  source = audioCtx.createBufferSource();
  var request = new XMLHttpRequest();

  request.open('GET', 'viper.ogg', true);

  request.responseType = 'arraybuffer';


  request.onload = function() {
    var audioData = request.response;

    audioCtx.decodeAudioData(audioData, function(buffer) {
        source.buffer = buffer;

        source.connect(audioCtx.destination);
        source.loop = true;
      },

      function(e){ console.log("Error with decoding audio data" + e.err); });

  }

  request.send();
}

// wire up buttons to stop and play audio

play.onclick = function() {
  getData();
  source.start(0);
  play.setAttribute('disabled', 'disabled');
}

stop.onclick = function() {
  source.stop(0);
  play.removeAttribute('disabled');
}


// dump script to pre element

pre.innerHTML = myScript.innerHTML;

New promise-based syntax

ctx.decodeAudioData(compressedBuffer).then(function(decodedData) {
 // use the decoded data here
});

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'decodeAudioData()' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support10 webkit Yes25 No

22

15 webkit

6 webkit
Promise-based syntax49 ? Yes No Yes No
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes33 Yes26 Yes No ?
Promise-based syntax4949 ? Yes ? No ?

See also