The AudioBufferSourceNode interface is an AudioScheduledSourceNode which represents an audio source consisting of in-memory audio data, stored in an AudioBuffer. It's especially useful for playing back audio which has particularly stringent timing accuracy requirements, such as for sounds that must match a specific rhythm and can be kept in memory rather than being played from disk or the network. To play sounds which require accurate timing but must be streamed from the network or played from disk, use a AudioWorkletNode to implement its playback.

An AudioBufferSourceNode has no inputs and exactly one output, which has the same number of channels as the AudioBuffer indicated by its buffer property. If there's no buffer set—that is, if buffer is null—the output contains a single channel of silence (every sample is 0).

An AudioBufferSourceNode can only be played once; after each call to start(), you have to create a new node if you want to play the same sound again. Fortunately, these nodes are very inexpensive to create, and the actual AudioBuffers can be reused for multiple plays of the sound. Indeed, you can use these nodes in a "fire and forget" manner: create the node, call start() to begin playing the sound, and don't even bother to hold a reference to it. It will automatically be garbage-collected at an appropriate time, which won't be until sometime after the sound has finished playing.

Multiple calls to AudioBufferSourceNode.stop() are allowed. The most recent call replaces the previous one, if the AudioBufferSourceNode has not already reached the end of the buffer.


The AudioBufferSourceNode takes the content of an AudioBuffer and m

Number of inputs 0
Number of outputs 1
Channel count defined by the associated AudioBuffer

Constructor

AudioBufferSourceNode()
Creates and returns a new AudioBufferSourceNode object. An AudioBufferSourceNode can be instantiated using the AudioContext.createBufferSource() method.

Properties

Inherits properties from its parent, AudioNode.

AudioBufferSourceNode.buffer
An AudioBuffer that defines the audio asset to be played, or when set to the value null, defines a single channel of silence (in which every sample is 0.0).
AudioBufferSourceNode.detune
Is a k-rate AudioParam representing detuning of playback in cents. This value is compounded with playbackRate to determine the speed at which the sound is played. Its default value is 0 (meaning no detuning), and its nominal range is -∞ to ∞.
AudioBufferSourceNode.loop
A Boolean attribute indicating if the audio asset must be replayed when the end of the AudioBuffer is reached. Its default value is false.
AudioBufferSourceNode.loopStart Optional
A floating-point value indicating the time, in seconds, at which playback of the AudioBuffer must begin when loop is true. Its default value is 0 (meaning that at the beginning of each loop, playback begins at the start of the audio buffer).
AudioBufferSourceNode.loopEnd Optional
A floating-point number indicating the time, in seconds, at which playback of the AudioBuffer stops and loops back to the time indicated by loopStart, if loop is true. The default value is 0.
AudioBufferSourceNode.playbackRate
An a-rate AudioParam that defines the speed factor at which the audio asset will be played, where a value of 1.0 is the sound's natural sampling rate. Since no pitch correction is applied on the output, this can be used to change the pitch of the sample. This value is compounded with detune to determine the final playback rate.

Event handlers

Inherits event handlers from its parent, AudioScheduledSourceNode.

Methods

Inherits methods from its parent, AudioScheduledSourceNode.

AudioBufferSourceNode.start()
Used to schedule playback of the audio data contained in the buffer, or to begin playback immediately.

Examples

In this example, we create a two-second buffer, fill it with white noise, and then play it using an AudioBufferSourceNode. The comments should clearly explain what is going on.

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();

// Create an empty three-second stereo buffer at the sample rate of the AudioContext
var myArrayBuffer = audioCtx.createBuffer(2, audioCtx.sampleRate * 3, audioCtx.sampleRate);

// Fill the buffer with white noise;
//just random values between -1.0 and 1.0
for (var channel = 0; channel < myArrayBuffer.numberOfChannels; channel++) {
  // This gives us the actual ArrayBuffer that contains the data
  var nowBuffering = myArrayBuffer.getChannelData(channel);
  for (var i = 0; i < myArrayBuffer.length; i++) {
    // Math.random() is in [0; 1.0]
    // audio needs to be in [-1.0; 1.0]
    nowBuffering[i] = Math.random() * 2 - 1;
  }
}

// Get an AudioBufferSourceNode.
// This is the AudioNode to use when we want to play an AudioBuffer
var source = audioCtx.createBufferSource();
// set the buffer in the AudioBufferSourceNode
source.buffer = myArrayBuffer;
// connect the AudioBufferSourceNode to the
// destination so we can hear the sound
source.connect(audioCtx.destination);
// start the source playing
source.start();

For a decodeAudioData() example, see the AudioContext.decodeAudioData() page.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'AudioBufferSourceNode' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support14 Yes25 No156
AudioBufferSourceNode() constructor551 ?53 No42 ?
buffer14 Yes252 No156
detune Yes Yes40 No44 No
loop14 Yes25 No156
loopStart14 Yes25 No156
loopEnd14 Yes25 No156
playbackRate14 Yes25 No156
start14 Yes25 No156
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic support Yes14 Yes26 No15 ?
AudioBufferSourceNode() constructor551551 ?53 No42 ?
buffer Yes14 Yes262 No15 ?
detune Yes Yes Yes40 No Yes ?
loop Yes14 Yes26 No15 ?
loopStart Yes14 Yes26 No15 ?
loopEnd Yes14 Yes26 No15 ?
playbackRate Yes14 Yes26 No15 ?
start Yes14 Yes26 No15 ?

1. Before version 59, the default values were not supported.

2. Firefox currently handles the value null incorrectly. Instead of producing a node that generates a single channel of silence, the node becomes unusable and will be ignored if you attempt to connect it to anything.

See also