CSS伪类:only-child代表了属于某个父元素的唯一一个子元素.等效的选择器还可以写成 :first-child:last-child或者:nth-child(1):nth-last-child(1),当然,前者的权重会低一点.

/* Selects each <p>, but only if it is the */
/* only child of its parent */
p:only-child {
  background-color: lime;
}

Note: 在起初定义, 被选择的元素必须拥有一个父级元素. 从 Selectors Level 4 开始, 这不再是必须的了.

语法

:only-child

示例

基础示例

HTML

<main>
  <div>
    <i>I am a lonely only child.</i>
  </div>

  <div>
    <i>I have siblings.</i><br>
    <b>So do I!</b><br>
    <span>I also have siblings, <span>but this is an only child.</span></span>
  </div>
</main>

CSS

main :only-child {
  color: red;
}

结果

一个列表示例

HTML

<ol>
  <li>First
    <ul>
      <li>This list has just one element.
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li>Second
    <ul>
      <li>This list has three elements.
      <li>This list has three elements.
      <li>This list has three elements.
    </ul>
  </li>
<ol>

CSS

li li {
  list-style-type: disc;
}
li:only-child {
  color: red;
  list-style-type: square;
}

结果

规范

Specification Status Comment
Selectors Level 4
:only-child
Working Draft Matching elements are not required to have a parent.
Selectors Level 3
:only-child
Recommendation Initial definition.

浏览器兼容性

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support2 Yes1.599.53.1
Matches elements with no parent57 ?52 ?44 ?
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4103.1 Yes
Matches elements with no parent5757 ?5244 ?7.0

另见

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此页面的贡献者: Jiang-Xuan, teoli, ziyunfei
最后编辑者: Jiang-Xuan,