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你可能经常需要创建一个包含几个栏目的布局,css提供了几个方法来实现它。使用Grid, Flexbox 或者 Multi-column layout 都取决于你想要实现什么目标,在这篇recipe中我们会探讨这些内容
three different styles of layouts which have two columns in the container.

Requirements

你也许会为你的栏目实现多种设计样式:

  • 连续的内容线,分成报纸式的专栏
  • 被划分成几个高度相等的栏目的一行
  • 按行和列排列的多行列

The recipes

为了达到你的需要你需要选择不同的布局方式

A continuous thread of content — multi-column layout

If you create columns using multi-column layout your text will remain as a continuous stream filling each column in turn. The columns must all be the same size, and you are unable to target an individual column or the content of an individual column.

如果你使用多列布局来创建列,则文本会以连续流的形式依次填满每个列。这些列必须大小相同,并且你不能够针对单个列或者单个列的内容

You can control the gaps between columns with the column-gap property, and add a rule between columns using column-rule.

你可以使用column-gap 控制列之间的距离,并且使用column-rule.增加列之间的规则

在以下情况使用多列布局:

  • 你想要你的文本看起来想报纸那种排版布局。
  • 您有一组要分成列的小项目。
  • 你不需要单独为指定的列写样式。

A single row of items with equal heights — flexbox

Flexbox can be used to break content into columns by setting flex-direction to row, however flexbox targets the elements inside the flex container and will place each direct child into a new column. This is a different behavior to what you saw with multicol.

Flexbox通过设置 row的flex-direction ,可以用于将内容分成列, 然而,flexbox的目标是flex容器内的元素,并将把每个直接的子元素放到一个新列中,这是与multicol不同的地方。

There is currently no way to add a rule between flex items, and browser support for the column-gap and row-gap properties is limited. Therefore to create gaps between items use a margin.

目前没有办法可以在flex的item中添加规则,而且浏览器对column-gap 和 row-gap的支持是有限的,因此使用margin属性来创建item之间的间距

Flexbox can also be used to create layouts where the flex items wrap onto new rows, by setting the flex-wrap property on the container to wrap. These new flex lines will distribute space along that line only — the items in the new line will not line up with items in the line above, as you'll see in the example below. This is why flexbox is described as one-dimensional. It is designed for controlling layout as a row or a column, but not both at the same time.

Flexbox还可以被用来创建 flex items 自动换行的布局,通过给 flex container 设置  flex-wrap 属性为wrap. 这些新的flex行只会沿该行分配空间——新行中的项不会与上面行中的项对齐,你可以在下面的例子中看到。这就是为什么flexbox被描述为一维。 他是为了将布局控制为行或列,但不是同时控制行和列。

Use flexbox:

  • For single rows or columns of items. 设置一行或者一列中的items
  • When you want to do alignment on the cross axis after laying out your items. 当你想在横轴上对齐您的items
  • When you are happy for wrapped items to share out space along their line only and not line up with items in other lines.

Lining items up in rows and columns — grid layout

If what you want is a layout where items line up in rows and columns then you should choose CSS Grid Layout. Grid Layout works on the direct children of the grid container in a similar way to the manner in which flexbox works on the direct children of the flex container, however with CSS Grid you can line your items up in rows and columns — it is described as two-dimensional.

如果你想要items在行和列进行布局,你应该选择Grid Layout. Grid Layout 作用于 grid container 的 直接子元素类似于 flexbox。 但是你可以在行和列两方面来控制他(flex只能在行或者列)。

Use Grid:

  • For multiple rows or columns of items. 
  • When you want to be able to align the items on the block and inline axes.
  • When you want items to line up in rows and columns.

Browser compatibility

The various layout methods have different browser support. See the charts below for details on basic support for the properties used.

column-width

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
column-widthChrome Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support 1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support 1.5
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Notes Prior to version 37, multiple columns didn't work with display: table-caption elements.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 11.1
Full support 11.1
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 3
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support ≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support 18
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support 4
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Notes Prior to version 37, multiple columns didn't work with display: table-caption elements.
Opera Android Full support 11.1
Full support 11.1
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari iOS Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support 5.0
Full support 5.0
Full support 1.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Intrinsic sizes
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

column-rule

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
column-ruleChrome Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support 1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 52
Full support 52
Full support 3.5
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Notes Before Firefox 3, the default value for the normal keyword was 0 and not 1em.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 11.1
Full support 11.1
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 3
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support ≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 50
Full support 50
Full support 18
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 52
Full support 52
Full support 4
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
Opera Android Full support 11.1
Full support 11.1
Full support 14
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari iOS Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support 5.0
Full support 5.0
Full support 1.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-

Legend

Full support  
Full support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

flex

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
flexChrome Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 21
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 20
Notes
Full support 20
Notes
Notes Since Firefox 28, multi-line flexbox is supported.
Notes Before Firefox 32, Firefox wasn't able to animate values starting or stopping at 0.
Notes Until Firefox 61, flex items that are sized according to their content are sized using fit-content, not max-content.
No support 18 — 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 18 until version 28 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.flexbox.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 48
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 11
Notes
Full support 11
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer 11 ignores uses of calc() in the flex-basis part of the flex syntax. This can be worked around by using the longhand properties instead of the shorthand. See Flexbug #8 for more info.
Notes Internet Explorer 11 considers a unitless value in the flex-basis part to be syntactically invalid (and will thus be ignored). A workaround is to always include a unit in the flex-basis part of the flex shorthand value. See Flexbug #4 for more info.
Full support 10
Prefixed Notes
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -ms-
Notes Internet Explorer 10 and 11 ignore uses of calc() in the flex-basis part of the flex syntax. This can be worked around by using the longhand properties instead of the shorthand. See Flexbug #8 for more info.
Notes Internet Explorer 10 and 11 consider a unitless value in the flex-basis part to be syntactically invalid (and will thus be ignored). A workaround is to always include a unit in the flex-basis part of the flex shorthand value. See Flexbug #4 for more info.
Opera Full support 12.1Safari Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 6.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 4.4
Full support 4.4
Full support ≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 25
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 20
Notes
Full support 20
Notes
Notes Since Firefox 28, multi-line flexbox is supported.
Notes Before Firefox 32, Firefox wasn't able to animate values starting or stopping at 0.
Notes Until Firefox 61, flex items that are sized according to their content are sized using fit-content, not max-content.
No support 18 — 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 18 until version 28 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.flexbox.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 48
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 48: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 12.1Safari iOS Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 7.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

flex-wrap

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
flex-wrapChrome Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 21
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 28IE Partial support 11
Notes
Partial support 11
Notes
Notes Partial support due to large number of bugs present. See Flexbugs.
Opera Full support 17Safari Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 6.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 4.4
Full support 4.4
Full support ≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 29
Full support 29
Full support 25
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 52Opera Android Full support 18Safari iOS Full support 9
Full support 9
Full support 6.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Partial support  
Partial support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

grid-template-columns

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
grid-template-columnsChrome Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Full support 52
No support 40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44
Full support 44
Full support 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Full support 52
No support 40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 43
Full support 43
Full support 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
Animation of tracksChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 66IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 66Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
fit-content()Chrome Full support 29Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 51IE No support NoOpera Full support 44Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57Firefox Android Full support 51Opera Android Full support 43Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.0
minmax()Chrome Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 16Firefox Full support 52
Full support 52
No support 40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44
Full support 44
Full support 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 29
Disabled
Disabled From version 29: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Full support 52
No support 40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 43
Full support 43
Full support 28
Disabled
Disabled From version 28: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android ?
repeat()Chrome Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 38
Disabled
Disabled From version 38: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 16Firefox Partial support 57
Notes
Partial support 57
Notes
Notes repeat(auto-fill, ...) and repeat(auto-fit, ...) only support one repeated column (see bug 1341507).
No support 52 — 57
Notes
Notes calc() doesn't work in repeat() (see bug 1350069).
No support 40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 44
Full support 44
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support 57Chrome Android Full support 57
Full support 57
Full support 38
Disabled
Disabled From version 38: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 52
Full support 52
No support 40 — 59
Disabled
Disabled From version 40 until version 59 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.grid.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 43
Full support 43
Full support Yes
Disabled
Disabled This feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.
Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Partial support  
Partial support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

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