font-stretch

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Summary

font-stretch属性为字体定义一个正常或经过伸缩变形的字体外观,这个属性并不会通过伸展/缩小而改变字体的几何外形,如font-feature-settingsfont-variant属性,它仅仅意味着当有多种字体可供选择时,会为字体选择最适合的大小。

The two 'e' belong to the same fonts. One is condensed, the other normal and can be selected by 'font-stretch'.

Note: If the font provides several faces, the one fitting the best with the value of the font-stretch property is chosen. E.g. On OS X, in addition to the more common Bold, Regular, Italic, and BoldItalic faces, the "Helvetica Neue" font proposes a second set of faces with condensed, that is shrunk, characters: Condensed. Browsers supporting font-stretch will use the condensed faces for the value ultra-condensed to semi-condensed and the normal faces for the other (normal and all expanded values).

Font-stretch results with a font having 2 faces, one condensed and one normal.

If the font has no condensed or expanded faces, like the default "Times New Roman" on Mac OS, font-stretch will not have any visible effect as the only suitable face will be used in all cases.:
Font-stretch results with a font having 1 single face.

初始值normal
适用元素all elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
是否是继承属性yes
适用媒体visual
计算值as specified
Animation typea font stretch
正规顺序the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
font-stretch: ultra-condensed;
font-stretch: extra-condensed;
font-stretch: condensed;
font-stretch: semi-condensed;
font-stretch: normal;
font-stretch: semi-expanded;
font-stretch: expanded;
font-stretch: extra-expanded;
font-stretch: ultra-expanded;

/* Global values */
font-stretch: inherit;
font-stretch: initial;
font-stretch: unset;

Values

normal
指定默认字体
semi-condensed, condensed, extra-condensed, ultra-condensed
小于默认字体,其中ultra-condensed是缩的最小的字体
semi-expanded, expanded, extra-expanded, ultra-expanded
大于默认字体的值

Interpolation

Font stretch values are interpolated in discrete steps. The interpolation happens as though the ordered values are equally spaced real numbers; the result is rounded to the nearest value, with values exactly halfway between two values rounded towards the later value, that is the most expanded one.

Formal syntax

normal | ultra-condensed | extra-condensed | condensed | semi-condensed | semi-expanded | expanded | extra-expanded | ultra-expanded

Example

HTML

<div class="ultra stretch"> This is text with the font extremely expanded</div>
<div class="stretch"> This is text with the font stretched</div>
<div class="normal"> This is text without font stretching</div>
<div class="condensed"> This is text with the font condensed</div>
<div class="ultra condensed"> This is text with the font extremely condensed</div>

CSS

.ultra.stretch{font-stretch: ultra-expanded;}
.stretch {font-stretch: expanded;} 
.normal {font-stretch: normal;}
.condensed {font-stretch: condensed;}
.ultra.condensed {font-stretch: ultra-condensed;}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Fonts Module Level 3
font-stretch
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

The CSS property font-stretch was initially defined in CSS 2, but dropped in CSS 2.1 due to lack of implementation experience. It has been newly defined in CSS 3.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 48.0 (Yes) 9.0 (9.0) 9.0 35.0 未实现
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 未实现 (Yes) 9.0 (9.0) ? 未实现 未实现

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