摘要

z-index 属性指定了一个具有定位属性的元素及其子代元素的 z-order。 当元素之间重叠的时候,z-order 决定哪一个元素覆盖在其余元素的上方显示。 通常来说 z-index 较大的元素会覆盖较小的一个。

对于一个已经定位的元素(即position属性值不是static的元素),z-index 属性指定:

  1. 元素在当前堆叠上下文中的堆叠层级。
  2. 元素是否创建一个新的本地堆叠上下文。

语法

/* 字符值 */
z-index: auto;

/* 整数值 */
z-index: 0;
z-index: 3;
z-index: 289;
z-index: -1;/* 使用负值降低优先级 */

/* 全局值 */
z-index: inherit;
z-index: initial;
z-index: unset;

取值

auto
元素不会建立一个新的本地堆叠上下文。当前堆叠上下文中新生成的元素和父元素堆叠层级相同。
<integer>
整型数字是生成的元素在当前堆叠上下文中的堆叠层级。元素同时会创建一个堆叠层级为0的本地堆叠上下文。这意味着子元素的 z-indexes 不与元素外的其余元素的 z-index 进行对比。

格式化语法

auto | <integer>

示例

HTML

<div class="dashed-box">Dashed box
  <span class="gold-box">Gold box</span>
  <span class="green-box">Green box</span>
</div>

CSS

.dashed-box { 
  position: relative;
  z-index: 1;
  border: dashed;
  height: 8em;
  margin-bottom: 1em;
  margin-top: 2em;
}
.gold-box { 
  position: absolute;
  z-index: 3; /* put .gold-box above .green-box and .dashed-box */
  background: gold;
  width: 80%;
  left: 60px;
  top: 3em;
}
.green-box { 
  position: absolute;
  z-index: 2; /* put .green-box above .dashed-box */
  background: lightgreen;
  width: 20%;
  left: 65%;
  top: -25px;
  height: 7em;
  opacity: 0.9;
}

结果

规范

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transitions
animation behavior for z-index
Working Draft Defines z-index as animatable.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
z-index
Recommendation 原始定义

浏览器兼容性

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
z-indexChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support 4Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Negative valuesChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3IE Full support 4Opera Full support 4Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

参阅

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最后编辑者: StudentMain,