概述

如果指定了 background-image ,那么 background-attachment 决定背景是在视口中固定的还是随包含它的区块滚动的。

初始值scroll
适用元素all elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
是否是继承属性
适用媒体visual
计算值as specified
是否适用于 CSS 动画
正规顺序the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

语法

background-attachment: scroll;
background-attachment: fixed;
background-attachment: local;

background-attachment: inherit;

取值

fixed
此关键字表示背景相对于视口固定。即使一个元素拥有滚动机制,背景也不会随着元素的内容滚动。
local
此关键字表示背景相对于元素的内容固定。如果一个元素拥有滚动机制,背景将会随着元素的内容滚动, 并且背景的绘制区域和定位区域是相对于可滚动的区域而不是包含他们的边框。
scroll
此关键字表示背景相对于元素本身固定, 而不是随着它的内容滚动(对元素边框是有效的)。

标准语法

<attachment>#

where
<attachment> = scroll | fixed | local

例子

简单的例子

CSS

p {
  background-image: url("https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/12057/starsolid.gif");
  background-attachment: fixed;
}

HTML

<p>
  There were doors all round the hall, but they were all locked; and when
  Alice had been all the way down one side and up the other, trying every
  door, she walked sadly down the middle, wondering how she was ever to
  get out again.
</p>

Result

多背景图支持

此属性支持多张背景图片。你可以用逗号分隔来为每一张背景图片指定不同的<attachment>。每一张背景图片顺序对应相应的attachment 类型。

CSS

p {
  background-image: url("https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/12057/starsolid.gif"), url("https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/12059/startransparent.gif");
  background-attachment: fixed, scroll;
  background-repeat: no-repeat, repeat-y;
}

HTML

<p>
  There were doors all round the hall, but they were all locked; and when
  Alice had been all the way down one side and up the other, trying every
  door, she walked sadly down the middle, wondering how she was ever to
  get out again.

  Suddenly she came upon a little three-legged table, all made of solid
  glass; there was nothing on it except a tiny golden key, and Alice's
  first thought was that it might belong to one of the doors of the hall;
  but, alas! either the locks were too large, or the key was too small,
  but at any rate it would not open any of them. However, on the second
  time round, she came upon a low curtain she had not noticed before, and
  behind it was a little door about fifteen inches high: she tried the
  little golden key in the lock, and to her great delight it fitted!
</p>

Result

规范

Specification Status Comment
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 3
background-attachment
Candidate Recommendation The shorthand property has been extended to support multiple backgrounds and the local value.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
background-attachment
Recommendation No significant change.
CSS Level 1
background-attachment
Recommendation No significant change

浏览器兼容性

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 3.5 1.0
Multiple backgrounds 1.0 3.6 (1.9.2) 9.0 10.5 1.3
local 4.0 25 (25) 9.0 10.5 5.0
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 2.1 1.0 (1.9.2) ? 10.0 3.2
Multiple backgrounds 2.1 1.0 (1.9.2) ? 10.0 3.2
local ? 25.0 (25) ? ? ?

参见

文档标签和贡献者

 最后编辑者: SphinxKnight,