Array.prototype.reduceRight()

Summary

The reduceRight() method applies a function against an accumulator and each value of the array (from right-to-left) as to reduce it to a single value.

Syntax

arr.reduceRight(callback[, initialValue])

Parameters

callback
Function to execute on each value in the array, taking four arguments:
previousValue
The value previously returned in the last invocation of the callback, or initialValue, if supplied. (See below.)
currentValue
The current element being processed in the array.
index
The index of the current element being processed in the array.
array
The array reduce was called upon.
initialValue
Object to use as the first argument to the first call of the callback.

Description

reduceRight executes the callback function once for each element present in the array, excluding holes in the array, receiving four arguments: the initial value (or value from the previous callback call), the value of the current element, the current index, and the array over which iteration is occurring.

The call to the reduceRight callback would look something like this:

array.reduceRight(function(previousValue, currentValue, index, array) {
    // ...
});

The first time the function is called, the previousValue and currentValue can be one of two values. If an initialValue was provided in the call to reduceRight, then previousValue will be equal to initialValue and currentValue will be equal to the last value in the array. If no initialValue was provided, then previousValue will be equal to the last value in the array and currentValue will be equal to the second-to-last value.

If the array is empty and no initialValue was provided, TypeError would be thrown.  If the array has only one element (regardless of position) and no initialValue was provided, or if initialValue is provided but the array is empty, the solo value would be returned without calling callback.

Some example run-throughs of the function would look like this:

[0, 1, 2, 3, 4].reduceRight(function(previousValue, currentValue, index, array) {
    return previousValue + currentValue;
});

The callback would be invoked four times, with the arguments and return values in each call being as follows:

  previousValue currentValue index array return value
first call 4 3 3 [0,1,2,3,4] 7
second call 7 2 2 [0,1,2,3,4] 9
third call 9 1 1 [0,1,2,3,4] 10
fourth call 10 0 0 [0,1,2,3,4] 10

The value returned by reduceRight would be that of the last callback invocation (10).

And if you were to provide an initialValue, the result would look like this:

[0, 1, 2, 3, 4].reduceRight(function(previousValue, currentValue, index, array) {
    return previousValue + currentValue;
}, 10);
  previousValue currentValue index array return value
first call 10 4 4 [0,1,2,3,4] 14
second call 14 3 3 [0,1,2,3,4] 17
third call 17 2 2 [0,1,2,3,4] 19
fourth call 19 1 1 [0,1,2,3,4] 20
fifth call 20 0 0 [0,1,2,3,4] 20

The value returned by reduceRight this time would be, of course, 20.

Examples

Example: Sum up all values within an array

var total = [0, 1, 2, 3].reduceRight(function(a, b) {
    return a + b;
});
// total == 6

Example: Flatten an array of arrays

var flattened = [[0, 1], [2, 3], [4, 5]].reduceRight(function(a, b) {
    return a.concat(b);
}, []);
// flattened is [4, 5, 2, 3, 0, 1]

Polyfill

reduceRight was added to the ECMA-262 standard in the 5th edition; as such it may not be present in all implementations of the standard. You can work around this by inserting the following code at the beginning of your scripts, allowing use of reduceRight in implementations which do not natively support it.

if ( 'function' !== typeof Array.prototype.reduceRight ) {
  Array.prototype.reduceRight = function( callback /*, initialValue*/ ) {
    'use strict';
    if ( null === this || 'undefined' === typeof this ) {
      throw new TypeError(
         'Array.prototype.reduce called on null or undefined' );
    }
    if ( 'function' !== typeof callback ) {
      throw new TypeError( callback + ' is not a function' );
    }
    var t = Object( this ), len = t.length >>> 0, k = len - 1, value;
    if ( arguments.length >= 2 ) {
      value = arguments[1];
    } else {
      while ( k >= 0 && ! k in t ) k--;
      if ( k < 0 )
        throw new TypeError('Reduce of empty array with no initial value');
      value = t[ k-- ];
    }
    for ( ; k >= 0 ; k-- ) {
      if ( k in t ) {
         value = callback( value, t[k], k, t );
      }
    }
    return value;
  };
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Language Specification 5.1th Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition.
Implemented in JavaScript 1.8
ECMAScript Language Specification 6th Edition (ECMA-262) Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) 3.0 (1.9) 9 10.5 4.0
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

See also

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