The every() method of Array instances tests whether all elements in the array pass the test implemented by the provided function. It returns a Boolean value.

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every(callbackFn, thisArg)



A function to execute for each element in the array. It should return a truthy value to indicate the element passes the test, and a falsy value otherwise. The function is called with the following arguments:


The current element being processed in the array.


The index of the current element being processed in the array.


The array every() was called upon.

thisArg Optional

A value to use as this when executing callbackFn. See iterative methods.

Return value

true unless callbackFn returns a falsy value for an array element, in which case false is immediately returned.


The every() method is an iterative method. It calls a provided callbackFn function once for each element in an array, until the callbackFn returns a falsy value. If such an element is found, every() immediately returns false and stops iterating through the array. Otherwise, if callbackFn returns a truthy value for all elements, every() returns true.

every acts like the "for all" quantifier in mathematics. In particular, for an empty array, it returns true. (It is vacuously true that all elements of the empty set satisfy any given condition.)

callbackFn is invoked only for array indexes which have assigned values. It is not invoked for empty slots in sparse arrays.

every() does not mutate the array on which it is called, but the function provided as callbackFn can. Note, however, that the length of the array is saved before the first invocation of callbackFn. Therefore:

  • callbackFn will not visit any elements added beyond the array's initial length when the call to every() began.
  • Changes to already-visited indexes do not cause callbackFn to be invoked on them again.
  • If an existing, yet-unvisited element of the array is changed by callbackFn, its value passed to the callbackFn will be the value at the time that element gets visited. Deleted elements are not visited.

Warning: Concurrent modifications of the kind described above frequently lead to hard-to-understand code and are generally to be avoided (except in special cases).

The every() method is generic. It only expects the this value to have a length property and integer-keyed properties.


Testing size of all array elements

The following example tests whether all elements in the array are bigger than 9.


function isBigEnough(element, index, array) {
  return element >= 10;
[12, 5, 8, 130, 44].every(isBigEnough); // false
[12, 54, 18, 130, 44].every(isBigEnough); // true

Check if one array is a subset of another array

The following example tests if all the elements of an array are present in another array.


const isSubset = (array1, array2) =>
  array2.every((element) => array1.includes(element));

console.log(isSubset([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7], [5, 7, 6])); // true
console.log(isSubset([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7], [5, 8, 7])); // false

Using every() on sparse arrays

every() will not run its predicate on empty slots.


console.log([1, , 3].every((x) => x !== undefined)); // true
console.log([2, , 2].every((x) => x === 2)); // true

Affecting Initial Array (modifying, appending, and deleting)

The following examples tests the behavior of the every method when the array is modified.


// ---------------
// Modifying items
// ---------------
let arr = [1, 2, 3, 4];
arr.every((elem, index, arr) => {
  arr[index + 1]--;
  console.log(`[${arr}][${index}] -> ${elem}`);
  return elem < 2;

// Loop runs for 3 iterations, but would
// have run 2 iterations without any modification
// 1st iteration: [1,1,3,4][0] -> 1
// 2nd iteration: [1,1,2,4][1] -> 1
// 3rd iteration: [1,1,2,3][2] -> 2

// ---------------
// Appending items
// ---------------
arr = [1, 2, 3];
arr.every((elem, index, arr) => {
  console.log(`[${arr}][${index}] -> ${elem}`);
  return elem < 4;

// Loop runs for 3 iterations, even after appending new items
// 1st iteration: [1, 2, 3, new][0] -> 1
// 2nd iteration: [1, 2, 3, new, new][1] -> 2
// 3rd iteration: [1, 2, 3, new, new, new][2] -> 3

// ---------------
// Deleting items
// ---------------
arr = [1, 2, 3, 4];
arr.every((elem, index, arr) => {
  console.log(`[${arr}][${index}] -> ${elem}`);
  return elem < 4;

// Loop runs for 2 iterations only, as the remaining
// items are `pop()`ed off
// 1st iteration: [1,2,3][0] -> 1
// 2nd iteration: [1,2][1] -> 2

Calling every() on non-array objects

The every() method reads the length property of this and then accesses each property with a nonnegative integer key less than length until they all have been accessed or callbackFn returns false.


const arrayLike = {
  length: 3,
  0: "a",
  1: "b",
  2: "c",
  3: 345, // ignored by every() since length is 3
console.log(, (x) => typeof x === "string"),
); // true


ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-array.prototype.every

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See also