The join() method creates and returns a new string by concatenating all of the elements in an array (or an array-like object), separated by commas or a specified separator string.

Syntax

arr.join([separator])

Parameters

separator Optional
Specifies a string to separate each pair of adjacent elements of the array. The separator is converted to a string if necessary. If omitted, the array elements are separated with a comma (","). If separator is an empty string, all elements are joined without any characters in between them.

Return value

A string with all array elements joined. If arr.length is 0, the empty string is returned.

Description

The string conversions of all array elements are joined into one string.

If an element is undefined or null, it is converted to the empty string.

Examples

Joining an array four different ways

The following example creates an array, a, with three elements, then joins the array four times: using the default separator, then a comma and a space, then a plus and an empty string.

var a = ['Wind', 'Rain', 'Fire'];
a.join();      // 'Wind,Rain,Fire'
a.join(', ');  // 'Wind, Rain, Fire'
a.join(' + '); // 'Wind + Rain + Fire'
a.join('');    // 'WindRainFire'

Joining an array-like object

The following example joins array-like object (arguments), by calling Function.prototype.call on Array.prototype.join.

function f(a, b, c) {
  var s = Array.prototype.join.call(arguments);
  console.log(s); // '1,a,true'
}
f(1, 'a', true);
//expected output: "1,a,true"

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.1.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.join' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.join' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.join' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support 1Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also