The unshift() method adds one or more elements to the beginning of an array and returns the new length of the array.

Syntax

arr.unshift(element1[, ...[, elementN]])

Parameters

elementN
The elements to add to the front of the array.

Return value

The new length property of the object upon which the method was called.

Description

The unshift method inserts the given values to the beginning of an array-like object.

unshift is intentionally generic; this method can be called or applied to objects resembling arrays. Objects which do not contain a length property reflecting the last in a series of consecutive, zero-based numerical properties may not behave in any meaningful manner.

Please note that, if multiple elements are passed as parameters, they're inserted in chunk at the beginning of the object, in the exact same order they were passed as parameters. Hence, calling unshift with n arguments once, or calling it n times with 1 argument (with a loop, for example), don't yield the same results. See example:

let arr = [4, 5, 6];

arr.unshift(1, 2, 3);
console.log(arr); 
// [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

arr = [4, 5, 6]; // resetting the array

arr.unshift(1);
arr.unshift(2);
arr.unshift(3);

console.log(arr); 
// [3, 2, 1, 4, 5, 6]

Examples

let arr = [1, 2];

arr.unshift(0); // result of the call is 3, which is the new array length
// arr is [0, 1, 2]

arr.unshift(-2, -1); // the new array length is 5
// arr is [-2, -1, 0, 1, 2]

arr.unshift([-4, -3]); // the new array length is 6
// arr is [[-4, -3], -2, -1, 0, 1, 2]

arr.unshift([-7, -6], [-5]); // the new array length is 8
// arr is [ [-7, -6], [-5], [-4, -3], -2, -1, 0, 1, 2 ]

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 3rd Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.2.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.unshift' in that specification.
Standard
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.unshift' in that specification.
Standard
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.unshift' in that specification.
Draft

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
unshiftChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also