Array.prototype.values()

The values() method returns a new array iterator object that contains the values for each index in the array.

Syntax

values()

Return value

A new Array iterator object.

Examples

Iteration using for...of loop

var arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'];
var iterator = arr.values();

for (let letter of iterator) {
  console.log(letter);
}  //"a" "b" "c" "d" "e"

Array.prototype.values is default implementation of Array.prototype[Symbol.iterator].

Array.prototype.values === Array.prototype[Symbol.iterator]      //true

Iteration using .next()

var arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'];
var iterator = arr.values();
iterator.next();               // Object { value: "a", done: false }
iterator.next().value;         // "b"
iterator.next()["value"];      // "c"
iterator.next();               // Object { value: "d", done: false }
iterator.next();               // Object { value: "e", done: false }
iterator.next();               // Object { value: undefined, done: true }
iteraror.next().value;         // undefined 

Warning: The array iterator object is one use or temporary object

example:

var arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'];
 var iterator = arr.values();
 for (let letter of iterator) {
 console.log(letter);
} //"a" "b" "c" "d" "e"
for (let letter of iterator) {
console.log(letter);
} // undefined

reason: When next().done=true  or  currentIndex>length the for..of loop ends. See Iteration protocols.

Value: there are no values stored in the array Iterator object; instead it stores the address of the array used in its creation and so depends on the values stored in that array.

var arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'];
var iterator = arr.values();
console.log(iterator);        // Array Iterator {  }
iterator.next().value;        // "a"
arr[1]='n';
iterator.next().value;        //  "n"

Note: If the values in the array changed the array iterator object values change too.

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript Language Specification (ECMAScript)
# sec-array.prototype.values

Browser compatibility

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See also