Relawan kami belum menerjemahkan artikel ini ke bahasa Bahasa Indonesia. Bergabunglah dan bantu kami menyelesaikannya!
Anda juga dapat membaca artikel ini dalam English (US).

The findIndex() method returns the index of the first element in the array that satisfies the provided testing function. Otherwise, it returns -1, indicating that no element passed the test.

See also the find() method, which returns the value of an array element, instead of its index.

Syntax

arr.findIndex(callback(element[, index[, array]])[, thisArg])

Parameters

callback
A function to execute on each value in the array until the function returns true, indicating that the satisfying element was found. It takes three arguments:
element
The current element being processed in the array.
indexOptional
The index of the current element being processed in the array.
arrayOptional
The array findIndex was called upon.
thisArgOptional
Optional object to use as this when executing callback.

Return value

The index of the first element in the array that passes the test. Otherwise, -1.

Description

The findIndex method executes the callback function once for every index 0..length-1 (inclusive) in the array until it finds the one where callback returns a truthy value (a value that coerces to true).

If such an element is found, findIndex immediately returns the element's index. If the callback never returns a truthy value (or the array's length is 0), findIndex returns -1. Unlike other array methods such as Array.some, the callback is called even for indexes with unassigned values.

callback is invoked with three arguments:

  1. The value of the element
  2. The index of the element
  3. The Array object being traversed

If a thisArg parameter is passed to findIndex, it will be used as the this inside each invocation of the callback. If it is not provided, then undefined is used.

The range of elements processed by findIndex is set before the first invocation of callback. callback will not process the elements appended to the array after the call to findIndex begins. If an existing, unvisited element of the array is changed by callback, its value passed to the callback will be the value at the time findIndex visits the element's index. Elements that are deleted are still visited.

Examples

Find the index of a prime number in an array

The following example returns the index of the first element in the array that is a prime number, or -1 if there is no prime number.

function isPrime(element, index, array) {
  var start = 2;
  while (start <= Math.sqrt(element)) {
    if (element % start < 1) {
      return false;
    } else {
      start++;
    }
  }
  return element > 1;
}

console.log([4, 6, 8, 12].findIndex(isPrime)); // -1, not found
console.log([4, 6, 7, 12].findIndex(isPrime)); // 2 (array[2] is 7)

Find index using arrow function

The following example finds the index of a fruit using an arrow function:

const fruits = ["apple", "banana", "cantaloupe", "blueberries", "grapefruit"];

const index = fruits.findIndex(fruit => fruit === "blueberries");

console.log(index); // 3
console.log(fruits[index]); // blueberries

Polyfill

// https://tc39.github.io/ecma262/#sec-array.prototype.findindex
if (!Array.prototype.findIndex) {
  Object.defineProperty(Array.prototype, 'findIndex', {
    value: function(predicate) {
     // 1. Let O be ? ToObject(this value).
      if (this == null) {
        throw new TypeError('"this" is null or not defined');
      }

      var o = Object(this);

      // 2. Let len be ? ToLength(? Get(O, "length")).
      var len = o.length >>> 0;

      // 3. If IsCallable(predicate) is false, throw a TypeError exception.
      if (typeof predicate !== 'function') {
        throw new TypeError('predicate must be a function');
      }

      // 4. If thisArg was supplied, let T be thisArg; else let T be undefined.
      var thisArg = arguments[1];

      // 5. Let k be 0.
      var k = 0;

      // 6. Repeat, while k < len
      while (k < len) {
        // a. Let Pk be ! ToString(k).
        // b. Let kValue be ? Get(O, Pk).
        // c. Let testResult be ToBoolean(? Call(predicate, T, « kValue, k, O »)).
        // d. If testResult is true, return k.
        var kValue = o[k];
        if (predicate.call(thisArg, kValue, k, o)) {
          return k;
        }
        // e. Increase k by 1.
        k++;
      }

      // 7. Return -1.
      return -1;
    },
    configurable: true,
    writable: true
  });
}

If you need to support truly obsolete JavaScript engines that do not support Object.defineProperty, it is best not to polyfill Array.prototype methods at all, as you cannot make them non-enumerable.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.findIndex' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Array.prototype.findIndex' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
findIndexChrome Full support 45Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 25IE No support NoOpera Full support 32Safari Full support 8WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support 4.0.0
Full support 4.0.0
Full support 0.12
Disabled
Disabled From version 0.12: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also