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Array.prototype.findIndex()

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Die findIndex() Methode gibt den index von dem ersten Element in dem array das der Suche entspricht. Wenn es nicht gefunden wurde wird -1 zurückgegeben.

function isBigEnough(element) {
  return element >= 15;
}

[12, 5, 8, 130, 44].findIndex(isBigEnough); // 3

Siehe auch die find() Methode, welche den Wert des gefundenen Elements zurückgibt, anstatt dessen Index.

Syntax

arr.findIndex(callback[, thisArg])

Parameter

callback
Function to execute on each value in the array, taking three arguments:
element
The current element being processed in the array.
index
The index of the current element being processed in the array.
array
The array findIndex was called upon.
thisArg
Optional. Object to use as this when executing callback.

Return value

An index in the array if an element passes the test; otherwise, -1.

Description

The findIndex method executes the callback function once for every array index 0..length-1 (inclusive) in the array until it finds one where callback returns a truthy value (a value that coerces to true). If such an element is found, findIndex immediately returns the index for that iteration. If the callback never returns a truthy value or the array's length is 0, findIndex returns -1. Unlike some other array methods such as Array#some, in sparse arrays the callback is called even for indexes of entries not present in the array.

callback is invoked with three arguments: the value of the element, the index of the element, and the Array object being traversed.

If a thisArg parameter is provided to findIndex, it will be used as the this for each invocation of the callback. If it is not provided, then undefined is used.

findIndex does not mutate the array on which it is called.

The range of elements processed by findIndex is set before the first invocation of callback. Elements that are appended to the array after the call to findIndex begins will not be visited by callback. If an existing, unvisited element of the array is changed by callback, its value passed to the visiting callback will be the value at the time that findIndex visits that element's index; elements that are deleted are not visited.

Examples

Find the index of a prime number in an array

Das folgende Beispiel findet den index von einem Element in einem Array. Ist es eine Primzahl oder gibt -1 zurück falls es keine Primzahl ist.

function isPrime(element, index, array) {
  var start = 2;
  while (start <= Math.sqrt(element)) {
    if (element % start++ < 1) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return element > 1;
}

console.log([4, 6, 8, 12].findIndex(isPrime)); // -1, not found
console.log([4, 6, 7, 12].findIndex(isPrime)); // 2

Polyfill

This method has been added to the ECMAScript 6 specification and may not be available in all JavaScript implementations yet. However, you can polyfill Array.prototype.findIndex with the following snippet:

if (!Array.prototype.findIndex) {
  Object.defineProperty(Array.prototype, 'findIndex', {
    value: function(predicate) {
      'use strict';
      if (this == null) {
        throw new TypeError('Array.prototype.findIndex called on null or undefined');
      }
      if (typeof predicate !== 'function') {
        throw new TypeError('predicate must be a function');
      }
      var list = Object(this);
      var length = list.length >>> 0;
      var thisArg = arguments[1];
      var value;

      for (var i = 0; i < length; i++) {
        value = list[i];
        if (predicate.call(thisArg, value, i, list)) {
          return i;
        }
      }
      return -1;
    },
    enumerable: false,
    configurable: false,
    writable: false
  });
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
Die Definition von 'Array.prototype.findIndex' in dieser Spezifikation.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
Die Definition von 'Array.prototype.findIndex' in dieser Spezifikation.
Entwurf  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Edge Opera Safari

Einfache Unterstützung

45.0 25.0 (25.0) Nicht unterstützt Yes Yes 7.1
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Einfache Unterstützung Nicht unterstützt Nicht unterstützt 25.0 (25.0) Nicht unterstützt Nicht unterstützt 8.0

See also

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