runtime.onMessageExternal

Fired when a message is received from another extension/app. Cannot be used in a content script.

Syntax

browser.runtime.onMessageExternal.addListener()
browser.runtime.onMessageExternal.removeListener(listener)
browser.runtime.onMessageExternal.hasListener(listener)

Events have three functions:

addListener(callback)
Adds a listener to this event.
removeListener(listener)
Stop listening to this event. The listener argument is the listener to remove.
hasListener(listener)
Checks whether a listener is registered for this event. Returns true if it is listening, false otherwise.

addListener syntax

Parameters

function

A callback function that will be called when this event occurs. The function will be passed the following arguments:

message
any. The message sent by the calling script.
sender
A runtime.MessageSender value representing the extension/app that sent the message.
sendResponse
A function to call (at most once) when you have a response. The argument should be any JSON-ifiable object. If you have more than one onMessage listener in the same document, then only one may send a response. This function becomes invalid when the event listener returns, unless you return true from the event listener to indicate you wish to send a response asynchronously (this will keep the message channel open to the other end until sendResponse is called).
This function returns a boolean. It should return true from the event listener if you wish to call sendResponse after the event listener returns.

Browser compatibility

Chrome Edge Firefox Firefox for Android Opera
Basic support Yes No No No 33

Examples

Acknowledgements

This API is based on Chromium's chrome.runtime API. This documentation is derived from runtime.json in the Chromium code.

Microsoft Edge compatibility data is supplied by Microsoft Corporation and is included here under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: wbamberg, Makyen, chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: wbamberg,