Use the sessions API to list, and restore, tabs and windows that have been closed while the browser has been running.

The sessions.getRecentlyClosed() function returns an array of tabs.Tab and windows.Window objects, representing tabs and windows that have been closed since the browser was running, up to the maximum defined in sessions.MAX_SESSION_RESULTS.

You can then restore a window or tab using the sessions.restore() function. Restoring doesn't just reopen the tab: it also restores the tab's navigation history so the back/forward buttons will work.

This API also provides a group of functions that enable an extension to store additional state associated with a tab or a window. Then, if the tab or window is closed and subsequently restored, the extension can retrieve the state. For example, a tab grouping extension might use this to remember which group a tab is in, so as to restore it into the right group if the user restores the tab.

To use the sessions API you must have the "sessions" API permission.

Types

sessions.Filter
Enables you to restrict the number of Session objects returned by a call to sessions.getRecentlyClosed().
sessions.Session

Represents a tab or window that the user has closed in the current browsing session.

Properties

sessions.MAX_SESSION_RESULTS
The maximum number of sessions that will be returned by a call to sessions.getRecentlyClosed().

Functions

sessions.forgetClosedTab()
Removes a closed tab from the browser's list of recently closed tabs.
sessions.forgetClosedWindow()
Removes a closed window from the browser's list of recently closed windows.
sessions.getRecentlyClosed()
Returns an array of Session objects, representing windows and tabs that were closed in the current browsing session (that is: the time since the browser was started).
sessions.restore()

Restores a closed tab or window.

sessions.setTabValue()

Store a key/value pair associated with a given tab.

sessions.getTabValue()

Retrieve a previously stored value for a given tab, given its key.

sessions.removeTabValue()

Remove a key/value pair from a given tab.

sessions.setWindowValue()

Store a key/value pair associated with a given window.

sessions.getWindowValue()

Retrieve a previously stored value for a given window, given its key.

sessions.removeWindowValue()

Remove a key/value pair from a given window.

Events

sessions.onChanged

Fired when a tab or window is closed.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxOperaFirefox for Android
FilterChrome Full support YesEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 52Opera Full support YesFirefox Android No support No
MAX_SESSION_RESULTSChrome Full support YesEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 52Opera Full support YesFirefox Android No support No
SessionChrome Full support YesEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 52
Notes
Full support 52
Notes
Notes 'Tab' objects in Sessions don't contain the 'url', 'title', or 'favIconUrl' properties.
Opera Full support YesFirefox Android No support No
forgetClosedTabChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 55Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No
forgetClosedWindowChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 55Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No
getRecentlyClosedChrome Full support YesEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 52Opera Full support YesFirefox Android No support No
getTabValueChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 57Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No
getWindowValueChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 57Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No
onChangedChrome Full support YesEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 53Opera Full support YesFirefox Android No support No
removeTabValueChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 57Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No
removeWindowValueChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 57Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No
restoreChrome Full support YesEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 52Opera Full support YesFirefox Android No support No
setTabValueChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 57Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No
setWindowValueChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 57Opera No support NoFirefox Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

Example extensions

Acknowledgements

This API is based on Chromium's chrome.sessions API.

Microsoft Edge compatibility data is supplied by Microsoft Corporation and is included here under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: wbamberg, hellosct1
Last updated by: wbamberg,