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The HTMLTableElement interface provides special properties and methods (beyond the regular HTMLElement object interface it also has available to it by inheritance) for manipulating the layout and presentation of tables in an HTML document.

Properties

Inherits properties from its parent, HTMLElement.

HTMLTableElement.caption
Is a HTMLTableCaptionElement representing the first <caption> that is a child of the element, or null if none is found. When set, if the object doesn't represent a <caption>, a DOMException with the HierarchyRequestError name is thrown. If a correct object is given, it is inserted in the tree as the first child of this element and the first <caption> that is a child of this element is removed from the tree, if any.
HTMLTableElement.tHead
Is a HTMLTableSectionElement representing the first <thead> that is a child of the element, or null if none is found. When set, if the object doesn't represent a <thead>, a DOMException with the HierarchyRequestError name is thrown. If a correct object is given, it is inserted in the tree immediately before the first element that is neither a <caption>, nor a <colgroup>, or as the last child if there is no such element, and the first <thead> that is a child of this element is removed from the tree, if any.
HTMLTableElement.tFoot
Is a HTMLTableSectionElement representing the first <tfoot> that is a child of the element, or null if none is found. When set, if the object doesn't represent a <tfoot>, a DOMException with the HierarchyRequestError name is thrown. If a correct object is given, it is inserted in the tree immediately before the first element that is neither a <caption>, a <colgroup>, nor a <thead>, or as the last child if there is no such element, and the first <tfoot> that is a child of this element is removed from the tree, if any.
HTMLTableElement.rows Read only
Returns a live HTMLCollection containing all the rows of the element, that is all <tr> that are a child of the element, or a child or one of its <thead>, <tbody> and <tfoot> children. The rows members of a <thead> appear first, in tree order, and those members of a <tbody> last, also in tree order. The HTMLCollection is live and is automatically updated when the HTMLTableElement changes.
HTMLTableElement.tBodies Read only
Returns a live HTMLCollection containing all the <tbody> of the element. The HTMLCollection is live and is automatically updated when the HTMLTableElement changes.
HTMLTableElement.sortable
Is a Boolean value indicating if the user agent is allowed to provide sorting mechanism for the table, if it supports such a feature. This property reflects the sortable attribute.
HTMLTableElement.align
Is a DOMString containing an enumerated value reflecting the align attribute. It indicates the alignment of the element's contents with respect to the surrounding context. The possible values are "left", "right", and "center".
HTMLTableElement.bgColor
Is a DOMString containing the background color of the cells. It reflects the obsolete bgcolor attribute.
HTMLTableElement.border
Is a DOMString containing the width in pixels of the border of the table. It reflects the obsolete border attribute.
HTMLTableElement.cellPadding
Is a DOMString containing the width in pixels of the horizontal and vertical sapce between cell content and cell borders. It reflects the obsolete cellpadding attribute.
HTMLTableElement.cellSpacing
Is a DOMString containing the width in pixels of the horizontal and vertical separation between cells. It reflects the obsolete cellspacing attribute.
HTMLTableElement.frame
Is a DOMString containing the type of the external borders of the table. It reflects the obsolete frame attribute and can take one of the following values: "void", "above", "below", "hsides", "vsides", "lhs", "rhs", "box", or "border".
HTMLTableElement.rules
Is a DOMString containing the type of the internal borders of the table. It reflects the obsolete rules attribute and can take one of the following values: "none", "groups", "rows", "cols", or "all".
HTMLTableElement.summary
Is a DOMString containing a description of the purpose or the structure of the table. It reflects the obsolete summary attribute.
HTMLTableElement.width
Is a DOMString containing the length in pixels or in percentage of the desired width fo the entire table. It reflects the obsolete width attribute.

Methods

Inherits methods from its parent, HTMLElement.

HTMLTableElement.createTHead()
Returns an HTMLElement representing the first <thead> that is a child of the element. If none is found, a new one is created and inserted in the tree immediately before the first element that is neither a <caption>, nor a <colgroup>, or as the last child if there is no such element.
HTMLTableElement.deleteTHead()
Removes the first <thead> that is a child of the element.
HTMLTableElement.createTFoot()
Returns an HTMLElement representing the first <tfoot> that is a child of the element. If none is found, a new one is created and inserted in the tree immediately before the first element that is neither a <caption>, a <colgroup>, nor a <thead>, or as the last child if there is no such element.
HTMLTableElement.deleteTFoot()
Removes the first <tfoot> that is a child of the element.
HTMLTableElement.createCaption()
Returns an HTMLElement representing the first <caption> that is a child of the element. If none is found, a new one is created and inserted in the tree as the first child of the <table> element.
HTMLTableElement.deleteCaption()
Removes the first <caption> that is a child of the element.
HTMLTableElement.insertRow()
Returns an HTMLTableRowElement representing a new row of the table. It inserts it in the rows collection immediately before the <tr> element at the given index position. If necessary a <tbody> is created. If the index is -1, the new row is appended to the collection. If the index is smaller than -1 or greater than the number of rows in the collection, a DOMException with the value IndexSizeError is raised.
HTMLTableElement.deleteRow()
Removes the row corresponding to the index given in parameter. If the index value is -1 the last row is removed; if it smaller than -1 or greater than the amount of rows in the collection, a DOMException with the value IndexSizeError is raised.
HTMLTableElement.stopSorting()
Removes the sortable attribute to all <th> elements of the table.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLTableElement' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML5
The definition of 'HTMLTableElement' in that specification.
Recommendation Added the createTBody() method.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'HTMLTableElement' in that specification.
Obsolete Defined when caption, tHead, tFoot, insertRow(), and deleteRow() raise exceptions.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'HTMLTableElement' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
align
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
bgColor
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
border
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
captionChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
cellPadding
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
cellSpacing
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
createCaptionChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
createTBodyChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 25IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 25Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
createTFootChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
createTHeadChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
deleteCaptionChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
deleteRowChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
deleteTFootChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
deleteTHeadChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
frame
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
insertRowChrome Full support 4Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 3
Notes
Full support 3
Notes
Notes Starting with Firefox 20, the index argument has been made optional and defaults to -1 as per HTML specification.
IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support 10Safari Full support 4WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4
Notes
Full support 4
Notes
Notes Starting with Firefox 20, the index argument has been made optional and defaults to -1 as per HTML specification.
Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
rowsChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
rules
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
sortable
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android ? Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android ?
stopSorting
Experimental
Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android ? Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android ?
summary
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
tBodiesChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
tFootChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
tHeadChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?
width
Deprecated
Chrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

See also

  • The HTML element implementing this interface: <table>.

Documentlabels en -medewerkers

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