HTMLAnchorElement

The HTMLAnchorElement interface represents hyperlink elements and provides special properties and methods (beyond those of the regular HTMLElement object interface that they inherit from) for manipulating the layout and presentation of such elements. This interface corresponds to <a> element; not to be confused with <link>, which is represented by HTMLLinkElement)

Properties

Inherits properties from its parent, HTMLElement, and implements those from HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.

Element.accessKey
Is a DOMString representing a single character that switches input focus to the hyperlink.
HTMLAnchorElement.download
Is a DOMString indicating that the linked resource is intended to be downloaded rather than displayed in the browser. The value represent the proposed name of the file. If the name is not a valid filename of the underlying OS, browser will adapt it.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.hash
Is a USVString representing the fragment identifier, including the leading hash mark ('#'), if any, in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.host
Is a USVString representing the hostname and port (if it's not the default port) in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.hostname
Is a USVString representing the hostname in the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.href
Is a USVString that is the result of parsing the href HTML attribute relative to the document, containing a valid URL of a linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.hreflang
Is a DOMString that reflects the hreflang HTML attribute, indicating the language of the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.media
Is a DOMString that reflects the media HTML attribute, indicating the intended media for the linked resource.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.password
Is a USVString containing the password specified before the domain name.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.origin Read only
Returns a USVString containing the origin of the URL, that is its scheme, its domain and its port.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.pathname
Is a USVString containing an initial '/' followed by the path of the URL, not including the query string or fragment.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.port
Is a USVString representing the port component, if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.protocol
Is a USVString representing the protocol component, including trailing colon (':'), of the referenced URL.
HTMLAnchorElement.referrerPolicy
Is a DOMString that reflects the referrerpolicy HTML attribute indicating which referrer to use.
HTMLAnchorElement.rel
Is a DOMString that reflects the rel HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the target object to the linked object.
HTMLAnchorElement.relList Read only
Returns a DOMTokenList that reflects the rel HTML attribute, as a list of tokens.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.search
Is a USVString representing the search element, including leading question mark ('?'), if any, of the referenced URL.
HTMLElement.tabindex
Is a long containing the position of the element in the tabbing navigation order for the current document.
HTMLAnchorElement.target
Is a DOMString that reflects the target HTML attribute, indicating where to display the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.text
Is a DOMString being a synonym for the Node.textContent property.
HTMLAnchorElement.type
Is a DOMString that reflects the type HTML attribute, indicating the MIME type of the linked resource.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.username
Is a USVString containing the username specified before the domain name.

Obsolete properties

HTMLAnchorElement.charset
Is a DOMString representing the character encoding of the linked resource.
HTMLAnchorElement.coords
Is a DOMString representing a comma-separated list of coordinates.
HTMLAnchorElement.name
Is a DOMString representing the anchor name.
HTMLAnchorElement.rev
Is a DOMString representing that the rev HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the link object to the target object.
Note: Currently the W3C HTML 5.2 spec states that rev is no longer obsolete, whereas the WHATWG living standard still has it labeled obsolete. Until this discrepancy is resolved, you should still assume it is obsolete.
HTMLAnchorElement.shape
Is a DOMString representing the shape of the active area.

Methods

Inherits methods from its parent, HTMLElement, and implements those from HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.

HTMLElement.blur()
Removes the keyboard focus from the current element.
HTMLElement.focus()
Gives the keyboard focus to the current element.
HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.toString()
Returns a USVString containing the whole URL. It is a synonym for HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils.href, though it can't be used to modify the value.

The blur() and focus() methods are inherited from HTMLElement from HTML5 on, but were defined on HTMLAnchorElement in DOM Level 2 HTML and earlier specifications.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Living Standard The following property has been added: download.
Technically, the URL-related properties, media, host, hostname, pathname, port, protocol, search, and hash, have been moved to the HTMLHyperlinkElementUtils mixin, and HTMLAnchorElement implements this mixin.
HTML5
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Recommendation The methods blur() and focus(), as well as the properties tabindex and accessKey, are now defined on HTMLElement.
The following properties are now obsolete: charset, coords, name, rev, and shape.
The following properties have been added: hash, host, hostname, media, pathname, port, protocol, relList, search, and text.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Obsolete No change from Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'HTMLAnchorElement' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
HTMLAnchorElementChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
charset
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 6Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
coords
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 6Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
downloadChrome Full support 15Edge Full support 13Firefox Full support 20IE No support NoOpera Full support 15Safari Full support 10.1WebView Android Full support ≤37Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 10.3Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
hreflangChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 6Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
mediaChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes
name
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
referrerPolicyChrome Full support 53Edge Full support 79Firefox Full support 50IE No support NoOpera Full support 40Safari Full support 14WebView Android Full support 53Chrome Android Full support 53Firefox Android Full support 50Opera Android Full support 41Safari iOS Full support 14Samsung Internet Android Full support 7.2
relChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
relListChrome Full support 65Edge Full support 18Firefox Full support 30IE No support NoOpera Full support 52Safari Full support 9WebView Android Full support 65Chrome Android Full support 65Firefox Android Full support 30Opera Android Full support 47Safari iOS Full support 9Samsung Internet Android Full support 9.0
rev
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
shape
DeprecatedNon-standard
Chrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 6Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
targetChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 5.5Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
textChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 10Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0
typeChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 6Opera Full support ≤12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support ≤12.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Non-standard. Expect poor cross-browser support.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.
Deprecated. Not for use in new websites.

See also

  • The HTML element implementing this interface: <a>