The HTMLAnchorElement interface represents hyperlink elements and provides special properties and methods (beyond those of the regular HTMLElement object interface that they inherit from) for manipulating the layout and presentation of such elements. This interface corresponds to <a> element; not to be confused with <link>, which is represented by HTMLLinkElement)

EventTarget Node Element HTMLElement HTMLAnchorElement

Instance properties

Inherits properties from its parent, HTMLElement.


A string representing a single character that switches input focus to the hyperlink.

A string indicating that the linked resource is intended to be downloaded rather than displayed in the browser. The value represent the proposed name of the file. If the name is not a valid filename of the underlying OS, browser will adapt it.


A string representing the fragment identifier, including the leading hash mark ('#'), if any, in the referenced URL.

A string representing the hostname and port (if it's not the default port) in the referenced URL.


A string representing the hostname in the referenced URL.


A string that is the result of parsing the href HTML attribute relative to the document, containing a valid URL of a linked resource.


A string that reflects the hreflang HTML attribute, indicating the language of the linked resource.

HTMLAnchorElement.origin Read only

Returns a string containing the origin of the URL, that is its scheme, its domain and its port.


A string containing the password specified before the domain name.


A string containing an initial '/' followed by the path of the URL, not including the query string or fragment.


A string representing the port component, if any, of the referenced URL.


A string representing the protocol component, including trailing colon (':'), of the referenced URL.


A string that reflects the referrerpolicy HTML attribute indicating which referrer to use.


A string that reflects the rel HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the target object to the linked object.

HTMLAnchorElement.relList Read only

Returns a DOMTokenList that reflects the rel HTML attribute, as a list of tokens.

A string representing the search element, including leading question mark ('?'), if any, of the referenced URL.


A long containing the position of the element in the tabbing navigation order for the current document.

A string that reflects the target HTML attribute, indicating where to display the linked resource.


A string being a synonym for the Node.textContent property.


A string that reflects the type HTML attribute, indicating the MIME type of the linked resource.


A string containing the username specified before the domain name.

Obsolete properties

HTMLAnchorElement.charset Deprecated

A string representing the character encoding of the linked resource.

HTMLAnchorElement.coords Deprecated

A string representing a comma-separated list of coordinates. Deprecated

A string representing the anchor name.

HTMLAnchorElement.rev Deprecated

A string representing that the rev HTML attribute, specifying the relationship of the link object to the target object.

Note: Currently the W3C HTML 5.2 spec states that rev is no longer obsolete, whereas the WHATWG living standard still has it labeled obsolete. Until this discrepancy is resolved, you should still assume it is obsolete.

HTMLAnchorElement.shape Deprecated

A string representing the shape of the active area.

Instance methods

Inherits methods from its parent, HTMLElement.


Removes the keyboard focus from the current element.


Gives the keyboard focus to the current element.


Returns a string containing the whole URL. It is a synonym for HTMLAnchorElement.href, though it can't be used to modify the value.

The blur() and focus() methods are inherited from HTMLElement.


HTML Standard
# htmlanchorelement

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also

  • The HTML element implementing this interface: <a>