The HTMLTableElement.insertRow() method inserts a new row (<tr>) in a given <table>, and returns a reference to the new row.

If a table has multiple <tbody> elements, by default, the new row is inserted into the last <tbody>. To insert the row into a specific <tbody>:

let specific_tbody = document.getElementById(tbody_id);
let row = specific_tbody.insertRow(index)

Note: insertRow() inserts the row directly into the table. The row does not need to be appended separately as would be the case if Document.createElement() had been used to create the new <tr> element.


var newRow = HTMLTableElement.insertRow(index);

HTMLTableElement is a reference to an HTML <table> element.


index Optional
The row index of the new row. If index is -1 or equal to the number of rows, the row is appended as the last row. If index is greater than the number of rows, an IndexSizeError exception will result. If index is omitted it defaults to -1.

Return value

newRow is an HTMLTableRowElement that references the new row.


This example uses insertRow(-1) to append a new row to a table.

We then use HTMLTableRowElement.insertCell() to insert a new cell in the new row. (To be valid HTML, a <tr> must have at least one <td> element.) Finally, we add some text to the cell using Document.createTextNode() and Node.appendChild().


<table id="my-table">
  <tr><td>Row 1</td></tr>
  <tr><td>Row 2</td></tr>
  <tr><td>Row 3</td></tr>


function addRow(tableID) {
  // Get a reference to the table
  let tableRef = document.getElementById(tableID);

  // Insert a row at the end of the table
  let newRow = tableRef.insertRow(-1);

  // Insert a cell in the row at index 0
  let newCell = newRow.insertCell(0);

  // Append a text node to the cell
  let newText = document.createTextNode('New bottom row');

// Call addRow() with the table's ID



Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also