The HTMLTableElement.insertRow() method inserts a new row (<tr>) in a given <table>, and returns a reference to the new row.

If a table has multiple <tbody> elements, by default, the new row is inserted into the last <tbody>. To insert the row into a specific <tbody>:

let specific_tbody = document.getElementById(tbody_id);
let row = specific_tbody.insertRow(index)

Note: insertRow() inserts the row directly into the table. The row does not need to be appended separately as would be the case if Document.createElement() had been used to create the new <tr> element.


var newRow = HTMLTableElement.insertRow(index);

HTMLTableElement is a reference to an HTML <table> element.


index Optional

The row index of the new row. If index is -1 or equal to the number of rows, the row is appended as the last row. If index is omitted it defaults to -1.

Return value

An HTMLTableRowElement that references the new row.


IndexSizeError DOMException

Thrown if index is greater than the number of rows.


This example uses insertRow(-1) to append a new row to a table.

We then use HTMLTableRowElement.insertCell() to insert a new cell in the new row. (To be valid HTML, a <tr> must have at least one <td> element.) Finally, we add some text to the cell using Document.createTextNode() and Node.appendChild().


<table id="my-table">
  <tr><td>Row 1</td></tr>
  <tr><td>Row 2</td></tr>
  <tr><td>Row 3</td></tr>


function addRow(tableID) {
  // Get a reference to the table
  let tableRef = document.getElementById(tableID);

  // Insert a row at the end of the table
  let newRow = tableRef.insertRow(-1);

  // Insert a cell in the row at index 0
  let newCell = newRow.insertCell(0);

  // Append a text node to the cell
  let newText = document.createTextNode('New bottom row');

// Call addRow() with the table's ID



HTML Standard (HTML)
# dom-table-insertrow-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also