The HTMLTableRowElement.insertCell() method inserts a new cell (<td>) into a table row (<tr>) and returns a reference to the cell.

Note: insertCell() inserts the cell directly into the row. The cell does not need to be appended separately with Node.appendChild() as would be the case if Document.createElement() had been used to create the new <td> element.

You can not use insertCell() to create a new <th> element though.


var newCell = HTMLTableRowElement.insertCell(index);

HTMLTableRowElement is a reference to an HTML <tr> element.


index Optional

The cell index of the new cell. If index is -1 or equal to the number of cells, the cell is appended as the last cell in the row. If index is omitted it defaults to -1.

Return value

An HTMLTableCellElement that references the new cell.


IndexSizeError DOMException

Thrown if index is greater than the number of cells.


This example uses HTMLTableElement.insertRow() to append a new row to a table.

We then use insertCell(0) to insert a new cell in the new row. (To be valid HTML, a <tr> must have at least one <td> element.) Finally, we add some text to the cell using Document.createTextNode() and Node.appendChild().


<table id="my-table">
  <tr><td>Row 1</td></tr>
  <tr><td>Row 2</td></tr>
  <tr><td>Row 3</td></tr>


function addRow(tableID) {
  // Get a reference to the table
  let tableRef = document.getElementById(tableID);

  // Insert a row at the end of the table
  let newRow = tableRef.insertRow(-1);

  // Insert a cell in the row at index 0
  let newCell = newRow.insertCell(0);

  // Append a text node to the cell
  let newText = document.createTextNode('New bottom row');

// Call addRow() with the table's ID



HTML Standard (HTML)
# dom-tr-insertcell-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also