HashChangeEvent

The HashChangeEvent event is fired when the fragment identifier of the URL has changed (the part of the URL that follows the # symbol, including the # symbol).

General info

Specification
HTML5
Interface
HashChangeEvent
Bubbles
Yes
Cancelable
No
Target
defaultView
Default Action
None

Properties

HashChangeEvent.newURL Read only
The new URL to which the window is navigating.
HashChangeEvent.oldURL Read only
The previous URL from which the window was navigated.

Syntax

window.onhashchange = funcRef;

or

<body onhashchange="funcRef();">

or

window.addEventListener("hashchange", funcRef, false);

Parameters

funcRef
A reference to a function.

Example

function locationHashChanged() {
    if (location.hash === "#somecoolfeature") {
        somecoolfeature();
    }
}

window.addEventListener("hashchange", locationHashChanged);

Polyfill

There are several fallback scripts listed on this page. Basically those scripts check the location.hash at a regular interval. Here is a version that allows only one handler to be bound to the <code>window.onhashchange</code> property:

(function(window) {

  // exit if the browser implements that event
  if ( "onhashchange" in window.document.body ) { return; }

  var location = window.location,
    oldURL = location.href,
    oldHash = location.hash;

  // check the location hash on a 100ms interval
  setInterval(function() {
    var newURL = location.href,
      newHash = location.hash;

    // if the hash has changed and a handler has been bound...
    if ( newHash != oldHash && typeof window.onhashchange === "function" ) {
      // execute the handler
      window.onhashchange({
        type: "hashchange",
        oldURL: oldURL,
        newURL: newURL
      });

      oldURL = newURL;
      oldHash = newHash;
    }
  }, 100);

})(window);

SpecificationsEdit

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HashChangeEvent' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support5 Yes3.6810.65
oldURL Yes ?6 No Yes ?
newURL Yes ?6 No Yes ?
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes411.05 ?
oldURL Yes Yes ? Yes Yes ? ?
newURL Yes Yes ? Yes Yes ? ?

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: Claas, fscholz, mamad90, cassiozen, erikadoyle, kscarfone, rabimba
Last updated by: Claas,