Math.floor()

The Math.floor() function returns the largest integer less than or equal to a given number.

Syntax

Math.floor(x)

Parameters

x
A number.

Return value

A number representing the largest integer less than or equal to the specified number.

Description

Because floor() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.floor(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

Note: Math.floor(null) returns 0, not a NaN.

Examples

Using Math.floor()

Math.floor( 45.95); //  45
Math.floor( 45.05); //  45
Math.floor(  4   ); //   4
Math.floor(-45.05); // -46
Math.floor(-45.95); // -46

Decimal adjustment

/**
 * Decimal adjustment of a number.
 *
 * @param {String}  type  The type of adjustment.
 * @param {Number}  value The number.
 * @param {Integer} exp   The exponent (the 10 logarithm of the adjustment base).
 * @returns {Number} The adjusted value.
 */
function decimalAdjust(type, value, exp) {
  // If the exp is undefined or zero...
  if (typeof exp === 'undefined' || +exp === 0) {
    return Math[type](value);
  }
  value = +value;
  exp = +exp;
  // If the value is not a number or the exp is not an integer...
  if (isNaN(value) || !(typeof exp === 'number' && exp % 1 === 0)) {
    return NaN;
  }
  // Shift
  value = value.toString().split('e');
  value = Math[type](+(value[0] + 'e' + (value[1] ? (+value[1] - exp) : -exp)));
  // Shift back
  value = value.toString().split('e');
  return +(value[0] + 'e' + (value[1] ? (+value[1] + exp) : exp));
}

// Decimal round
const round10 = (value, exp) => decimalAdjust('round', value, exp);
// Decimal floor
const floor10 = (value, exp) => decimalAdjust('floor', value, exp);
// Decimal ceil
const ceil10 = (value, exp) => decimalAdjust('ceil', value, exp);

// Round
round10(55.55, -1);   // 55.6
round10(55.549, -1);  // 55.5
round10(55, 1);       // 60
round10(54.9, 1);     // 50
round10(-55.55, -1);  // -55.5
round10(-55.551, -1); // -55.6
round10(-55, 1);      // -50
round10(-55.1, 1);    // -60
// Floor
floor10(55.59, -1);   // 55.5
floor10(59, 1);       // 50
floor10(-55.51, -1);  // -55.6
floor10(-51, 1);      // -60
// Ceil
ceil10(55.51, -1);    // 55.6
ceil10(51, 1);        // 60
ceil10(-55.59, -1);   // -55.5
ceil10(-59, 1);       // -50

Specifications

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also