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The Math.imul() function returns the result of the C-like 32-bit multiplication of the two parameters.

Syntax

Math.imul(a, b)

Parameters

a
First number.
b
Second number.

Return value

The result of the C-like 32-bit multiplication of the given arguments.

Description

Math.imul() allows for fast 32-bit integer multiplication with C-like semantics. This feature is useful for projects like Emscripten. Because imul() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.imul(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

Examples

Using Math.imul()

Math.imul(2, 4);          // 8
Math.imul(-1, 8);         // -8
Math.imul(-2, -2);        // 4
Math.imul(0xffffffff, 5); // -5
Math.imul(0xfffffffe, 5); // -10

Polyfill

This can be emulated with the following function:

Math.imul = Math.imul || function(a, b) {
  var ah = (a >>> 16) & 0xffff;
  var al = a & 0xffff;
  var bh = (b >>> 16) & 0xffff;
  var bl = b & 0xffff;
  // the shift by 0 fixes the sign on the high part
  // the final |0 converts the unsigned value into a signed value
  return ((al * bl) + (((ah * bl + al * bh) << 16) >>> 0)|0);
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.imul' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.imul' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeFirefoxEdgeInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support2820(Yes)(No)167
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support(Yes)(Yes)(Yes)20(No)(Yes)7

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: fscholz,