Math.tanh()

The Math.tanh() function returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number, that is

tanh x = sinh x cosh x = e x - e - x e x + e - x = e 2 x - 1 e 2 x + 1 \tanh x = \frac{\sinh x}{\cosh x} = \frac {e^x - e^{-x}} {e^x + e^{-x}} = \frac{e^{2x} - 1}{e^{2x}+1}

Syntax

Math.tanh(x)

Parameters

x
A number.

Return value

The hyperbolic tangent of the given number.

Description

Because tanh() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.tanh(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

Polyfill

This can be emulated with the help of the Math.exp() function:

Math.tanh = Math.tanh || function(x){
    var a = Math.exp(+x), b = Math.exp(-x);
    return a == Infinity ? 1 : b == Infinity ? -1 : (a - b) / (a + b);
}

Examples

Using Math.tanh()

Math.tanh(0);        // 0
Math.tanh(Infinity); // 1
Math.tanh(1);        // 0.7615941559557649

Specifications

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also