The Math.sqrt() function returns the square root of a number, that is

x0,Math.sqrt(x)=x=the uniquey0such thaty2=x\forall x \geq 0, \mathtt{Math.sqrt(x)} = \sqrt{x} = \text{the unique} \; y \geq 0 \; \text{such that} \; y^2 = x

Syntax

Math.sqrt(x)

Parameters

x
A number.

Return value

The square root of the given number. If the number is negative, NaN is returned.

Description

If the value of x is negative, Math.sqrt() returns NaN.

Because sqrt() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.sqrt(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

Examples

Using Math.sqrt()

Math.sqrt(9); // 3
Math.sqrt(2); // 1.414213562373095

Math.sqrt(1);  // 1
Math.sqrt(0);  // 0
Math.sqrt(-1); // NaN
Math.sqrt(-0); // -0

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.0.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.sqrt' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.sqrt' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.sqrt' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: wbamberg,