The Math.PI property represents the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, approximately 3.14159:

𝙼𝚊𝚝𝚑.𝙿𝙸 = π 3.14159 \mathtt{\mi{Math.PI}} = \pi \approx 3.14159

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Property attributes of Math.PI
Writable no
Enumerable no
Configurable no


Because PI is a static property of Math, you always use it as Math.PI, rather than as a property of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).


Using Math.PI

The following function uses Math.PI to calculate the circumference of a circle with a passed radius.

function calculateCircumference(radius) {
  return Math.PI * (radius + radius);

calculateCircumference(1); // 6.283185307179586


ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-math.pi

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See also