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The Math.log1p() function returns the natural logarithm (base e) of 1 + a number, that is

x>-1,Math.log1p(x)=ln(1+x)\forall x > -1, \mathtt{\operatorname{Math.log1p}(x)} = \ln(1 + x)




A number.

Return value

The natural logarithm (base e) of 1 plus the given number. If the number is less than -1, NaN is returned.


For very small values of x, adding 1 can reduce or eliminate precision.  The double floats used in JS give you about 15 digits of precision.  1 + 1e-15 = 1.000000000000001, but 1 + 1e-16 = 1.000000000000000 and therefore exactly 1.0 in that arithmetic, because digits past 15 are rounded off.  

When you calculate log(1 + x), you should get an answer very close to x, if x is small (that's why these are called 'natural' logarithms).  If you calculate Math.log(1 + 1.1111111111e-15) you should get an answer close to 1.1111111111e-15.  Instead, you will end up taking the logarithm of 1.00000000000000111022 (the roundoff is in binary so sometimes it gets ugly), so you get the answer 1.11022...e-15, with only  3 correct digits.  If, instead, you calculate Math.log1p(1.1111111111e-15) you will get a much more accurate answer 1.1111111110999995e-15 with 15 correct digits of precision (actually 16 in this case).

If the value of x is less than -1, the return value is always NaN.

Because log1p() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.log1p(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).


Using Math.log1p()

Math.log1p(1);  // 0.6931471805599453
Math.log1p(0);  // 0
Math.log1p(-1); // -Infinity
Math.log1p(-2); // NaN


This can be emulated with the following function:

Math.log1p = Math.log1p || function(x) {
  return Math.log(1 + x);


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.log1p' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Math.log1p' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeFirefoxEdgeInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support3825(Yes)(No)257.1
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support(Yes)(Yes)(Yes)25(No)(Yes)8

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: fscholz,