# Math.atan()

The Math.atan() static method returns the inverse tangent (in radians) of a number, that is

## Syntax

js
Math.atan(x)


### Parameters

x

A number.

### Return value

The inverse tangent (angle in radians between $-\frac\left\{\pi\right\}\left\{2\right\}$ and $\frac\left\{\pi\right\}\left\{2\right\}$, inclusive) of x. If x is Infinity, it returns $\frac\left\{\pi\right\}\left\{2\right\}$. If x is -Infinity, it returns $-\frac\left\{\pi\right\}\left\{2\right\}$.

## Description

Because atan() is a static method of Math, you always use it as Math.atan(), rather than as a method of a Math object you created (Math is not a constructor).

## Examples

### Using Math.atan()

js
Math.atan(-Infinity); // -1.5707963267948966 (-π/2)
Math.atan(-0); // -0
Math.atan(0); // 0
Math.atan(1); // 0.7853981633974483  (π/4)
Math.atan(Infinity); // 1.5707963267948966  (π/2)

// The angle that the line (0,0) -- (x,y) forms with the x-axis in a Cartesian coordinate system
const theta = (x, y) => Math.atan(y / x);


Note that you may want to avoid the theta function and use Math.atan2() instead, which has a wider range (between -π and π) and avoids outputting NaN for cases such as when x is 0.

## Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-math.atan

## Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser