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Summary

insertAdjacentHTML() parses the specified text as HTML or XML and inserts the resulting nodes into the DOM tree at a specified position. It does not reparse the element it is being used on and thus it does not corrupt the existing elements inside the element. This, and avoiding the extra step of serialization make it much faster than direct innerHTML manipulation.

Syntax

element.insertAdjacentHTML(position, text);

position is the position relative to the element, and must be one of the following strings:

'beforebegin'
Before the element itself.
'afterbegin'
Just inside the element, before its first child.
'beforeend'
Just inside the element, after its last child.
'afterend'
After the element itself.

text is the string to be parsed as HTML or XML and inserted into the tree.

Visualization of position names

<!-- beforebegin -->
<p>
<!-- afterbegin -->
foo
<!-- beforeend -->
</p>
<!-- afterend -->
Note: The beforebegin and afterend positions work only if the node is in a tree and has an element parent.

Example

// <div id="one">one</div>
var d1 = document.getElementById('one');
d1.insertAdjacentHTML('afterend', '<div id="two">two</div>');

// At this point, the new structure is:
// <div id="one">one</div><div id="two">two</div>

Specification

Specification Status Comment
DOM Parsing and Serialization
The definition of 'Element.insertAdjacentHTML()' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1.0 8.0 (8.0) 4.0* 7.0 4.0 (527)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? 8.0 (8.0) ? ? ?

 

IE Issue:

  • on IE8, the changes to the dom are made only after the JS is finished, so if you need to access the generated nodes, it has to be in an asynchronous way.

See also

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