JavaScript APIs

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The WebExtension JavaScript APIs can be used inside the add-on's background scripts and in any browser action or page action popups that the add-on defines. A few of these APIs can also be accessed by an add-on's content scripts (see the list in the content script guide).

To use the more powerful APIs you need to request permission in your add-on's manifest.json.

You can access the APIs using the browser namespace:

function logTabs(tabs) {
  console.log(tabs);
}

browser.tabs.query({currentWindow: true}, logTabs);

Many of the APIs are asynchronous, returning a Promise:

function logCookie(c) {
  console.log(c);
}

function logError(e) {
  console.error(e);
}

var setCookie = browser.cookies.set(
  {url: "https://developer.mozilla.org/"}
);
setCookie.then(logCookie, logError);

Note that this is different from Google Chrome's extension system, which uses the chrome namespace instead of browser, and which uses callbacks instead of promises for asynchronous functions. As a porting aid, the Firefox implementation of WebExtensions supports chrome and callbacks as well as browser and promises. Mozilla has also written a polyfill which enables code that uses browser and promises to work unchanged in Chrome: https://github.com/mozilla/webextension-polyfill.

Microsoft Edge uses the browser namespace, but doesn't yet support promise-based asynchronous APIs. In Edge, for the time being, asynchronous APIs must use callbacks.

Not all browsers support all the APIs: for the details, see Browser support for JavaScript APIs.

notifikasi
Tampilkan pemberitahuan kepada pengguna, menggunakan mekanisme pemberitahuan sistem operasi yang mendasarinya. Karena API ini menggunakan mekanisme pemberitahuan sistem operasi, detail tentang bagaimana pemberitahuan muncul dan berperilaku mungkin berbeda sesuai dengan sistem operasi dan pengaturan pengguna.
windows
Interact with browser windows. You can use this API to get information about open windows and to open, modify, and close windows. You can also listen for window open, close, and activate events.