Esta traducción está incompleta. Por favor, ayuda a traducir este artículo del inglés.

El objeto window representa la ventana que contiene un documento DOM; la propiedad document apunta al DOM document cargado en esa ventana. El objeto window al que pertenece un documento puede ser obtenido usando la propiedad document.defaultView.

Esta sección proporciona una pequeña referencia a todos los métodos, propiedades y eventos disponibles a través del objeto DOM window. El objeto window implementa la interfaz Window , que a su vez hereda de la interfaz AbstractView. Algunas funciones como globales adicionales, espacios de nombres, interfaces, y constructores no típicamente asociados con el objeto window pero disponibles en éste, están listados en las Referencia de JavaScript y en el Referencia DOM de Gecko.

En un navegador con pestañas, como Firefox, cada pestaña contine su propio window object (y si está escribiendo una extensión, la ventana del navegador es una ventana separada también - para más información vea Trabajar con ventanas desde el código chrome). Esto significa que el objeto window no se comparte entre diferentes pestañas de la misma ventana del navegador. Algunos métodos, como window.resizeTo y window.resizeBy se aplican sobre toda la ventana del navegador y no sobre una pestaña específica a la que pertenece el objeto window. Generalmente, cualquier cosa que razonablemente no pueda pertenecer a una pestaña, pertenece a la ventana.

Propiedades

Esta interface hereda propiedades de EventTarget interface e implementa propiedades de WindowTimers, WindowBase64, y WindowEventHandlers.

Nota que la propiedades que son objetos (por ejemplo para sobreescribir los prototipos de los elementos built-in) son descritos en una sección separada más abajo.

Window.applicationCache Read only
An OfflineResourceList object providing access to the offline resources for the window.
Window.closed Read only
Esta propiedad indica si la actual ventana esta cerrada o abierta.
Window.Components
El punto de acceso a muchas propiedades  XPCOM.  Algunas propiedades, ej. classes, son disponibles solamente a codigo suficientemente privilegiado. El codigo Web no deberia usar esta propiedad.
Window.console Read only
Retorna una referencia al objeto de la consola proveyendo acceso a la consola debugger del navegador.
Window.content and Window._content Read only
Returns a reference to the content element in the current window. The obsolete variant with underscore is no longer available from Web content.
Window.controllers Read only
Returns the XUL controller objects for the current chrome window.
Window.crypto Read only
Returns the browser crypto object.
Window.defaultStatus Obsoleto Gecko 23
Gets/sets the status bar text for the given window.
Window.devicePixelRatio Read only
Returns the ratio between physical pixels and device independent pixels in the current display.
Window.dialogArguments Read only
Gets the arguments passed to the window (if it's a dialog box) at the time window.showModalDialog() was called. This is an nsIArray.
Window.directories
Sinonimo de window.personalbar
Window.document Read only
Retorna una referencia al documento que esa ventana contiene.
Window.frameElement Read only
Returns the element in which the window is embedded, or null if the window is not embedded.
Window.frames Read only
Returns an array of the subframes in the current window.
Window.fullScreen
Esta propiedad indica si la ventana esta desplegada en pantalla completa o no.
window.globalStorage Obsoleto Gecko 13
Unsupported since Gecko 13 (Firefox 13). Use Window.localStorage instead.
Was: Multiple storage objects that are used for storing data across multiple pages.
Window.history Read only
Retorna una referencia a la historia del objeto.
Window.innerHeight
Obtiene la altura del area de contenido del navegador incluyendo, si es interpretado, la barra de deslizado.
window.innerWidth
Obtiene el ancho del area de contenido de la ventana del navegador, si es interpretado, la barra de deslizado vertical.
Window.length Read only
Retorna el numero de marcos en la ventana. Ver tambien window.frames.
Window.location Read only
Obtiene/fija la location, o URL actual, del objeto de la ventana.
Window.locationbar Read only
Retorna el objeto locationbar, cuya visibilidad puede ser fijada en la ventana.
Window.localStorage Read only
Retorna una referencia al objeto almacenamiento local usado para almacenar datos que pueden ser de accedidos por el origen que los creo.
Window.menubar Read only
Retorna el objeto barra de menu, cuya visibilidad puede ser fijada en la ventana.
Window.messageManager
Retorna el objeto message manager  para esta ventana.
Window.mozAnimationStartTime Read only
The time in milliseconds since epoch at which the current animation cycle began.
Window.mozInnerScreenX Read only
Returns the horizontal (X) coordinate of the top-left corner of the window's viewport, in screen coordinates. This value is reported in CSS pixels. See mozScreenPixelsPerCSSPixel in nsIDOMWindowUtils for a conversion factor to adapt to screen pixels if needed.
Window.mozInnerScreenY Read only
Returns the vertical (Y) coordinate of the top-left corner of the window's viewport, in screen coordinates. This value is reported in CSS pixels. See mozScreenPixelsPerCSSPixel for a conversion factor to adapt to screen pixels if needed.
Window.mozPaintCount Read only
Returns the number of times the current document has been rendered to the screen in this window. This can be used to compute rendering performance.
Window.name
Gets/sets the name of the window.
Window.navigator Read only
Returns a reference to the navigator object.
Window.opener
Returns a reference to the window that opened this current window.
Window.outerHeight Read only
Gets the height of the outside of the browser window.
Window.outerWidth Read only
Gets the width of the outside of the browser window.
Window.pageXOffset Read only
An alias for window.scrollX.
Window.pageYOffsetRead only
An alias for window.scrollY
Window.sessionStorage Read only
Returns a reference to the session storage object used to store data that may only be accessed by the origin that created it.
SpeechSynthesisGetter.speechSynthesis Read only
 
Window.parent Read only
Returns a reference to the parent of the current window or subframe.
Window.performance Read only
Provides a hosting area for performance related attributes.
Window.personalbar Read only
Returns the personalbar object, whose visibility can be toggled in the window.
Window.pkcs11 Obsoleto Gecko 29
Formerly provided access to install and remove PKCS11 modules.
Window.returnValue
The return value to be returned to the function that called window.showModalDialog() to display the window as a modal dialog.
Window.screen Read only
Returns a reference to the screen object associated with the window.
Window.screenX Read only
Returns the horizontal distance of the left border of the user's browser from the left side of the screen.
Window.screenY Read only
Returns the vertical distance of the top border of the user's browser from the top side of the screen.
Window.scrollbars Read only
Returns the scrollbars object, whose visibility can be toggled in the window.
Window.scrollMaxX Read only
The maximum offset that the window can be scrolled to horizontally, that is the document width minus the viewport width.
Window.scrollMaxY Read only
The maximum offset that the window can be scrolled to vertically (i.e., the document height minus the viewport height).
Window.scrollX Read only
Returns the number of pixels that the document has already been scrolled horizontally.
Window.scrollY Read only
Returns the number of pixels that the document has already been scrolled vertically.
Window.self Read only
Returns an object reference to the window object itself.
Window.sessionStorage
Returns a storage object for storing data within a single page session.
Window.sidebar Read only
Returns a reference to the window object of the sidebar.
Window.status
Gets/sets the text in the statusbar at the bottom of the browser.
Window.statusbar Read only
Returns the statusbar object, whose visibility can be toggled in the window.
Window.toolbar Read only
Returns the toolbar object, whose visibility can be toggled in the window.
Window.top Read only
Returns a reference to the topmost window in the window hierarchy. This property is read only.
Window.window Read only
Returns a reference to the current window.
window[0], window[1], etc.
Returns a reference to the window object in the frames. See Window.frames for more details.

Methods

 Esta interfaz hereda metodos de la interfaz EventTarget  e implementa metodos WindowTimers, WindowBase64, y WindowEventHandlers.

EventTarget.addEventListener()
Registra un controlador de eventos a un tipo de evento especifico en la ventana.
Window.alert()
Muestra una pequeña ventana de alerta.
El estilo y posición de la ventana puede variar dependiendo de que navegador este usando.
WindowBase64.atob()
Decodes a string of data which has been encoded using base-64 encoding.
Window.back()
Regresa en la ventana de historial.
Window.blur()
Sets focus away from the window.
WindowBase64.btoa()
Creates a base-64 encoded ASCII string from a string of binary data.
Window.captureEvents()
Registers the window to capture all events of the specified type.
Window.clearImmediate()
Cancels the repeated execution set using setImmediate.
WindowTimers.clearInterval()
Cancels the repeated execution set using WindowTimers.setInterval().
WindowTimers.clearTimeout()
Cancels the repeated execution set using WindowTimers.setTimeout().
Window.close()
Cierra la ventana actual.
Window.confirm()
Muestra una ventana de comfirmación con dos únicas y posibles respuestas. Confirmar y Cancelar.
Window.disableExternalCapture() Obsoleto Gecko 24
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.dispatchEvent()
Usado para activar un evento.
Window.dump()
Escribe un mensaje a la consola.
Window.enableExternalCapture() Obsoleto Gecko 24
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.find()
Busca un string dado en una ventana.
Window.focus()
Fija el enfoque en la ventana actual.
Window.forward()
Moves the window one document forward in the history.
Window.getAttention()
Flashes the application icon.
Window.getAttentionWithCycleCount()
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.getComputedStyle()
Gets computed style for the specified element. Computed style indicates the computed values of all CSS properties of the element.
Window.getDefaulComputedStyle()
Gets default computed style for the specified element, ignoring author stylesheets.
Window.getSelection()
Returns the selection object representing the selected item(s).
Window.home()
Regresa el navegador a la pagina de inicio.
Window.matchMedia()
Returns a MediaQueryList object representing the specified media query string.
Window.maximize()
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.minimize() (top-level XUL windows only)
Minimiza la ventana.
Window.moveBy()
Mueve la ventana actual por una cantidad especificada.
Window.moveTo()
Mueve la ventana a una coordenada especificada.
Window.mozRequestAnimationFrame()
Tells the browser that an animation is in progress, requesting that the browser schedule a repaint of the window for the next animation frame. This will cause a MozBeforePaint event to fire before that repaint occurs.
Window.open()
Abre una nueva ventana.
Window.openDialog()
Abre una nueva ventana de dialogo.
Window.postMessage()
Provides a secure means for one window to send a string of data to another window, which need not be within the same domain as the first.
Window.print()
Opens the Print Dialog to print the current document.
Window.prompt()
Returns the text entered by the user in a prompt dialog.
Window.releaseEvents()
Releases the window from trapping events of a specific type.
Window.removeEventListener()
Removes an event listener from the window.
Window.resizeBy()
Resizes the current window by a certain amount.
Window.resizeTo()
Dynamically resizes window.
Window.restore()
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.routeEvent() Obsoleto Gecko 24
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.scroll()
Scrolls the window to a particular place in the document.
Window.scrollBy()
Scrolls the document in the window by the given amount.
Window.scrollByLines()
Scrolls the document by the given number of lines.
Window.scrollByPages()
Scrolls the current document by the specified number of pages.
Window.scrollTo()
Scrolls to a particular set of coordinates in the document.
Window.setCursor()
Changes the cursor for the current window
Window.setImmediate()
Executes a function after the browser has finished other heavy tasks
WindowTimers.setInterval()
Schedules the execution of a function each X milliseconds.
Window.setResizable
FIXME: NeedsContents
WindowTimers.setTimeout()
Sets a delay for executing a function.
Window.showModalDialog()
Displays a modal dialog.
Window.sizeToContent()
Sizes the window according to its content.
Window.stop()
This method stops window loading.
Window.updateCommands()
Updates the state of commands of the current chrome window (UI).

Controlador de Eventos

Estas son propiedades del objeto ventana que pueden ser fijadas para establecer controladores de eventos para las diversar cosas que pueden pasar en la ventana que podria ser de interes.

Esta interfaz hereda controladores de eventos de la interfaz EventTarget e implementa controladores de eventos desde WindowTimers, WindowBase64, y WindowEventHandlers.

Nota: Empezando en Gecko 9.0, se puede usar el sintaxis if ("onabort" in window) para determinar si existe una propiedad dada de controlador de eventos o no. Esto es porque interfazes de controlador de eventos han sido actualizadas al respectivo web IDL interfaz. Ver DOM event handlers para mas detalles.

GlobalEventHandlers.onabort
An event handler property for abort events on the window.
WindowEventHandlers.onbeforeunload
An event handler property for before-unload events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onblur
An event handler property for blur events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onchange
An event handler property for change events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onclick
An event handler property for click events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onclose
An event handler property for handling the window close event.
GlobalEventHandlers.oncontextmenu
An event handler property for right-click events on the window.
Window.ondevicelight
An event handler property for any ambient light levels changes
Window.ondevicemotion
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.ondeviceorientation
An event handler property for any device orientation changes
Window.ondeviceproximity
An event handler property for device proximity event
GlobalEventHandlers.onerror
An event handler property for error events raised on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onfocus
An event handler property for focus events on the window.
WindowEventHandlers.onhashchange
An event handler property for hash change events on the window; called when the part of the URL after the hash mark ("#") changes.
GlobalEventHandlers.onkeydown
An event handler property for keydown events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onkeypress
An event handler property for keypress events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onkeyup
An event handler property for keyup events on the window.
WindowEventHandlers.onlanguagechange
An event handler property for languagechange events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onload
An event handler property for window loading.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmousedown
An event handler property for mousedown events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmousemove
An event handler property for mousemove events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseout
An event handler property for mouseout events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseover
An event handler property for mouseover events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onmouseup
An event handler property for mouseup events on the window.
Window.onmozbeforepaint
An event handler property for the MozBeforePaint event, which is sent before repainting the window if the event has been requested by a call to the Window.mozRequestAnimationFrame() method.
WindowEventHandlers.onpageshow
An event handler property for pageshow events on the window.
WindowEventHandlers.onpagehide
An event handler property for pagehide events on the window.
Window.onpaint
An event handler property for paint events on the window.
WindowEventHandlers.onpopstate
An event handler property for popstate events, which are fired when navigating to a session history entry representing a state object.
GlobalEventHandlers.onreset
An event handler property for reset events on the window.
GlobalEventHandlers.onresize
An event handler property for window resizing.
GlobalEventHandlers.onscroll
An event handler property for window scrolling.
GlobalEventHandlers.onselect
An event handler property for window selection.
GlobalEventHandlers.onsubmit
An event handler property for submits on window forms.
Window.onunload
An event handler property for unload events on the window.
Window.onuserproximity
An event handler property for user proximity events

Constructores

See also the DOM Interfaces.

Window.DOMParser
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.GeckoActiveXObject
FIXME: NeedsContents
Image
Used for creating an HTMLImageElement.
Option
Used for creating an HTMLOptionElement
Window.QueryInterface
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.XMLSerializer
FIXME: NeedsContents
Worker
Used for creating a Web worker
Window.XPCNativeWrapper
FIXME: NeedsContents
Window.XPCSafeJSObjectWrapper
FIXME: NeedsContents

Interfaces

Ver DOM Reference

Ver Tambien

Etiquetas y colaboradores del documento

 Colaboradores en esta página: Michelangeur, antoiba86, jjoselon, vggallego, fscholz, Crash, Monty, Markens, DR, Nathymig, Mgjbot
 Última actualización por: Michelangeur,