This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The SpeechSynthesis interface of the Web Speech API is the controller interface for the speech service; this can be used to retrieve information about the synthesis voices available on the device, start and pause speech, and other commands besides.

Properties

SpeechSynthesis also inherits properties from its parent interface, EventTarget.

SpeechSynthesis.paused Read only
A Boolean that returns true if the SpeechSynthesis object is in a paused state.
SpeechSynthesis.pending Read only
A Boolean that returns true if the utterance queue contains as-yet-unspoken utterances.
SpeechSynthesis.speaking Read only
A Boolean that returns true if an utterance is currently in the process of being spoken — even if SpeechSynthesis is in a paused state.

Event handlers

SpeechSynthesis.onvoiceschanged
Fired when the list of SpeechSynthesisVoice objects that would be returned by the SpeechSynthesis.getVoices() method has changed.

Methods

SpeechSynthesis also inherits methods from its parent interface, EventTarget.

SpeechSynthesis.cancel()
Removes all utterances from the utterance queue.
SpeechSynthesis.getVoices()
Returns a list of SpeechSynthesisVoice objects representing all the available voices on the current device.
SpeechSynthesis.pause()
Puts the SpeechSynthesis object into a paused state.
SpeechSynthesis.resume()
Puts the SpeechSynthesis object into a non-paused state: resumes it if it was already paused.
SpeechSynthesis.speak()
Adds an utterance to the utterance queue; it will be spoken when any other utterances queued before it have been spoken.

Examples

In our basic Speech synthesiser demo, we first grab a reference to the SpeechSynthesis controller using window.speechSynthesis. After defining some necessary variables, we retrieve a list of the voices available using SpeechSynthesis.getVoices() and populate a select menu with them so the user can choose what voice they want.

Inside the inputForm.onsubmit handler, we stop the form submitting with preventDefault(),  create a new SpeechSynthesisUtterance instance containing the text from the text <input>, set the utterance's voice to the voice selected in the <select> element, and start the utterance speaking via the SpeechSynthesis.speak() method.

var synth = window.speechSynthesis;

var inputForm = document.querySelector('form');
var inputTxt = document.querySelector('.txt');
var voiceSelect = document.querySelector('select');

var pitch = document.querySelector('#pitch');
var pitchValue = document.querySelector('.pitch-value');
var rate = document.querySelector('#rate');
var rateValue = document.querySelector('.rate-value');

var voices = [];

function populateVoiceList() {
  voices = synth.getVoices();

  for(i = 0; i < voices.length ; i++) {
    var option = document.createElement('option');
    option.textContent = voices[i].name + ' (' + voices[i].lang + ')';
    
    if(voices[i].default) {
      option.textContent += ' -- DEFAULT';
    }

    option.setAttribute('data-lang', voices[i].lang);
    option.setAttribute('data-name', voices[i].name);
    voiceSelect.appendChild(option);
  }
}

populateVoiceList();
if (speechSynthesis.onvoiceschanged !== undefined) {
  speechSynthesis.onvoiceschanged = populateVoiceList;
}

inputForm.onsubmit = function(event) {
  event.preventDefault();

  var utterThis = new SpeechSynthesisUtterance(inputTxt.value);
  var selectedOption = voiceSelect.selectedOptions[0].getAttribute('data-name');
  for(i = 0; i < voices.length ; i++) {
    if(voices[i].name === selectedOption) {
      utterThis.voice = voices[i];
    }
  }
  utterThis.pitch = pitch.value;
  utterThis.rate = rate.value;
  synth.speak(utterThis);

  inputTxt.blur();
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Speech API
The definition of 'SpeechSynthesis' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
cancel
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
getVoices
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
onvoiceschanged
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android ?
pause
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
paused
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
pending
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
resume
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
speak
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?
speaking
Experimental
Chrome Full support 33Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 21Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support 4.4.3Chrome Android Full support 33Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 62
Full support 62
No support 61 — 62
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 62 (exclusive): this feature is behind the media.webspeech.synth.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS Full support 7.1Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: lucian95, abbycar, mkato, chrisdavidmills
Last updated by: lucian95,