This document describes the user agent string used in Firefox 4 and later and applications based on Gecko 2.0 and later. For a breakdown of changes to the string in Gecko 2.0, see Final User Agent string for Firefox 4 (blog post). See also our document on user agent sniffing and this Hacks blog post.
The UA string of Firefox itself is broken down into four components:
Mozilla/5.0 (platform; rv:geckoversion) Gecko/geckotrail Firefox/firefoxversion
- Mozilla/5.0 is the general token that says the browser is Mozilla compatible, and is common to almost every browser today.
- platform describes the native platform the browser is running on (e.g. Windows, Mac, Linux or Android), and whether or not it's a mobile phone. Firefox OS phones simply say "Mobile"; the web is the platform. Note that platform can consist of multiple "; "-separated tokens. See below for further details and examples.
- rv:geckoversion indicates the release version of Gecko (such as "17.0"). In recent browsers, geckoversion is the same as firefoxversion.
- Gecko/geckotrail indicates that the browser is based on Gecko.
- On Desktop, geckotrail is the fixed string "20100101"
- Firefox/firefoxversion indicates the browser is Firefox, and provides the version (such as "17.0").
- from Firefox 10 on mobile, geckotrail is the same as firefoxversion
For other products based on Gecko, the string can take one of two forms, where the tokens have the same meaning except those noted below:
Mozilla/5.0 (platform; rv:geckoversion) Gecko/geckotrail appname/appversion
Mozilla/5.0 (platform; rv:geckoversion) Gecko/geckotrail Firefox/firefoxversion appname/appversion
- appname/appversion indicates the application name and version. For instance, this could be "Camino/2.1.1", or "SeaMonkey/2.7.1".
Firefox/firefoxversion is an optional compatibility token that some Gecko-based browsers may choose to incorporate, to achieve maximum compatibility with websites that expect Firefox. firefoxversion will generally represent the equivalent Firefox release corresponding to the given Gecko version. Some Gecko-based browsers may not opt into using this token; for this reason, sniffers should be looking for Gecko — not Firefox! Whether this token appears is controlled by the "general.useragent.compatMode.firefox" boolean pref.
Mobile and Tablet indicators
The platform part of the UA string indicates if Firefox is running on a phone-sized or tablet device. When Firefox runs on a device that has the phone form factor, there is a Mobile; token in the platform part of the UA string. When Firefox runs on a tablet device, there is a Tablet; token in the platform part of the UA string instead. For example:
Mozilla/5.0 (Android; Mobile; rv:30.0) Gecko/30.0 Firefox/30.0 Mozilla/5.0 (Android; Tablet; rv:30.0) Gecko/30.0 Firefox/30.0
The preferred way to target content to a device form factor is to use CSS Media Queries. However, if you use UA sniffing to target content to a device form factor, please look for Mobi (to include Opera Mobile, which uses "Mobi") for the phone form factor and do not assume any correlation between "Android" and the device form factor. This way, your code will work if/when Firefox ships on other phone/tablet operating systems or Android is used for laptops. Also, please use touch detection to find touch devices rather than looking for "Mobi" or "Tablet" - there may be touch devices which are not tablets.
Windows user agents have the following variations, where x.y is the Windows NT version (for instance, Windows NT 6.1).
|Windows version||Gecko user agent string|
|Windows NT on x86||Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT x.y; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
|Windows NT, Win64 on x64||Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT x.y; Win64; x64; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
|Windows NT, WOW64||Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT x.y; WOW64; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
Here, x.y is the version of Mac OS X (for instance, Mac OS X 10.6).
|Mac OS X version||Gecko user agent string|
|Mac OS X on Intel x86 or x86_64||Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X x.y; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
|Mac OS X on PowerPC||Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; PPC Mac OS X x.y; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
Linux is a more diverse platform. A few common examples are given below.
|Linux version||Gecko user agent string|
|Linux desktop, i686||Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
|Linux desktop, x86_64||Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
|Linux desktop, i686 running on x86_64||Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686 on x86_64; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0|
|Nokia N900 Linux mobile, on the Fennec browser||Mozilla/5.0 (Maemo; Linux armv7l; rv:10.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0 Fennec/10.0|
|Form factor||Gecko user agent string|
|Phone||Mozilla/5.0 (Android; Mobile; rv:26.0) Gecko/26.0 Firefox/26.0|
|Tablet||Mozilla/5.0 (Android; Tablet; rv:26.0) Gecko/26.0 Firefox/26.0|
|Form factor||Gecko user agent string|
|Phone||Mozilla/5.0 (Mobile; rv:26.0) Gecko/26.0 Firefox/26.0|
|Tablet||Mozilla/5.0 (Tablet; rv:26.0) Gecko/26.0 Firefox/26.0|
|Device-specific||Mozilla/5.0 (Mobile; nnnn; rv:26.0) Gecko/26.0 Firefox/26.0|
Device-specific user agent strings
Although it is strongly discouraged by Mozilla, some handset manufacturers unfortunately include a token in their device's UA string that represents their device id. If this is the case, the Firefox OS UA string will look like the device-specific string in the table above, where nnnn; is the manufacturer's code for the device (see Guidelines). Some of them we have noticed are of the form "NexusOne;", "ZTEOpen;", or "Open C;" (note that putting space is also discouraged). We provide this information to assist with your UA detection logic, but Mozilla discourages the detection of a device id in UA strings.
i makes it case-insensitive, and
mobi matches all mobile browsers.
Firefox OS version number
While the version number for Firefox OS is not included in the UA string, it is possible to infer version information from the Gecko version number present in the UA string. Beginning with Firefox OS 1.2, each minor version should correspond to two major Gecko revisions.
|Firefox OS version number||Gecko version number|
Firefox OS has a 4 digit version number: X.X.X.Y. The first 2 digits are owned by the Mozilla product team and will denote versions with new features (eg: v1.1, 1.2, etc). The third digit will be incremented with regular version tags (~every 6 weeks) for security updates, and the fourth will be OEM owned.
Other Gecko-based browsers
These are some sample UA strings from other Gecko-based browsers on various platforms. Note that many of these have not yet been released on Gecko 2.0!
|Browser||Gecko user agent string|
|Firefox for Maemo (Nokia N900)||Mozilla/5.0 (Maemo; Linux armv7l; rv:10.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0.1 Fennec/10.0.1|
|Camino on Mac||Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.5; rv:2.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/4.0.1 Camino/2.2.1|
|SeaMonkey on Windows||Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.2; rv:10.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0.1 SeaMonkey/2.7.1|
|SeaMonkey on Mac||Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.5; rv:10.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0.1 SeaMonkey/2.7.1|
|SeaMonkey on Linux||Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:10.0.1) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0.1 SeaMonkey/2.7.1|
Implementation notes for applications, vendors, and extensions
Prior to Firefox 4 and Gecko 2.0, it was possible for extensions to add user agent parts through the
general.useragent.extra.identifier preferences, (see the But that has not been possible since bug 581008.
In the past, specific plug-ins, add-ons or extensions added user agent parts to notify sites they were installed. The recommended way to do this, if it's absolutely necessary (remember that it slows down every request) is to set a custom HTTP header.
- Firefox OS User Agent String (blog post w/bug 777710 reference)
- Final User Agent string for Firefox 4 (blog post)
- Recommendations on sniffing the UA string for cross-browser support
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