Deprecated
This feature has been removed from the Web standards. Though some browsers may still support it, it is in the process of being dropped. Avoid using it and update existing code if possible; see the compatibility table at the bottom of this page to guide your decision. Be aware that this feature may cease to work at any time.

The NavigatorID.userAgent read-only property returns the user agent string for the current browser.

The specification asks browsers to provide as little information via this field as possible. Never assume that the value of this property will stay the same in future versions of the same browser. Try not to use it at all, or only for current and past versions of a browser. New browsers may start using the same UA, or part of it, as an older browser: you really have no guarantee that the browser agent is indeed the one advertised by this property.

Also keep in mind that users of a browser can change the value of this field if they want (UA spoofing).

Browser identification based on detecting the user agent string is unreliable and is not recommended, as the user agent string is user configurable. For example:

  • In Firefox, you can change the preference general.useragent.override in about:config. Some Firefox extensions do that; however, this only changes the HTTP header that gets sent, and doesn't affect browser detection performed by JavaScript code.
  • Opera 6+ allows users to set the browser identification string via a menu
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer uses the Windows registry
  • Safari and iCab allow users to change the browser user agent string to predefined Internet Explorer or Netscape strings via a menu.

Syntax

var ua = window.navigator.userAgent;

Value

ua stores the user agent string value of the current browser.

The user agent string is built on a formal structure which can be decomposed into several pieces of info. Each of these pieces of info comes from other navigator properties which are also settable by the user. Gecko-based browsers comply with the following general structure:

userAgent = appCodeName/appVersion number (Platform; Security; OS-or-CPU; 
Localization; rv: revision-version-number) product/productSub 
Application-Name Application-Name-version

Example

alert(window.navigator.userAgent)
// alerts "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Win98; en-US; rv:0.9.2) Gecko/20010725 Netscape6/6.1"

 

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'NavigatorID.userAgent' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

 

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: abbycar,