<input> elements of type "submit" are rendered as buttons. When the click event occurs (typically because the user clicked the button), the user agent attempts to submit the form to the server.

<input type="submit" value="Send Request">

Value A DOMString used as the button's label
Events click
Supported common attributes type and value
IDL attributes value
Methods None

Value

An <input type="submit"> element's value attribute contains a DOMString which is displayed as the button's label. Buttons do not have a true value otherwise.

<input type="submit" value="Send Request">

If you don't specify a value, the button will have a default label, chosen by the user agent. This label is likely to be something along the lines of "Submit" or "Submit Query." Here's an example of a submit button with a default label in your browser:

<input type="submit">

Using submit buttons

<input type="submit"> buttons are used to submit forms. If you want to create a custom button and then customize the behavior using JavaScript, you need to use <input type="button">, or better still, a <button> element.

If you choose to use <button> elements to create the buttons in your form, keep this in mind: if there's only one <button> inside the <form>, that button will be treated as the "submit" button. So you should be in the habit of expressly specifying which button is the submit button.

A simple submit button

We'll begin by creating a form with a simple submit button:

<form> 
  <div>
    <label for="example">Let's submit some text</label>
    <input id="example" type="text" name="text">
  </div>
  <div>
    <input type="submit" value="Send">
  </div>
</form>

This renders like so:

Try entering some text into the text field, and then submitting the form.

Upon submitting, the data name/value pair gets sent to the server. In this instance, the string will be "text=usertext", where "usertext" is the text entered by the user, encoded to preserve special characters. Where and how the data is submitted depends on the configuration of the <form>; see Sending form data for more details.

Adding a submit keyboard shortcut

Keyboard shortcuts, also known as access keys and keyboard equivalents, let the user trigger a button using a key or combination of keys on the keyboard. To add a keyboard shortcut to a submit button — just as you would with any <input> for which it makes sense — you use the accesskey global attribute.

In this example, s is specified as the access key (you'll need to press s plus the particular modifier keys for your browser/OS combination. In order to avoid conflicts with the user agent's own keyboard shortcuts, different modifier keys are used for access keys than for other shortcuts on the host computer. See accesskey for further details.

Here's the previous example with the s access key added:

<form>
  <div>
    <label for="example">Let's submit some text</label>
    <input id="example" type="text" name="text">
  </div>
  <div>
    <input type="submit" value="Send"
     accesskey="s">
  </div>
</form>

For example, in Firefox for Mac, pressing Control-Option-S triggers the Send button, while Chrome on Windows uses Alt+S.

The problem with the above example is that the user will not know what the access key is! This is especially true since the modifiers are typically non-standard to avoid conflicts. When building a site, be sure to provide this information in a way that doesn't interfere with the site design (for example by providing an easily accessible link that points to information on what the site access keys are). Adding a tooltip to the button (using the title attribute) can also help, although it's not a complete solution for accessibility purposes.

Disabling and enabling a submit button

To disable a submit button, simply specify the disabled global attribute on it, like so:

<input type="submit" value="Disabled" disabled>

You can enable and disable buttons at run time by simply setting disabled to true or false; in JavaScript this looks like btn.disabled = true or btn.disabled = false.

See the <input type="button"> page for more ideas about enabling and disabling buttons.

Validation

Submit buttons don't participate in constraint validation; they have no real value to be constrained.

Examples

We've included simple examples above. There isn't really anything more to say about submit buttons. There's a reason this kind of control is sometimes called a "simple button."

Specifications

Specification Status
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<input type="submit">' in that specification.
Living Standard
HTML5
The definition of '<input type="submit">' in that specification.
Recommendation

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier)[1] (Yes) (Yes) 1.0
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) 4.0 (4.0)[1] (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

[1] Unlike other browsers, Firefox by default persists the dynamic disabled state of a <button> across page loads. Use the autocomplete attribute to control this feature.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: Sheppy, saxofficial, chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: Sheppy,