<hr>: The Thematic Break (Horizontal Rule) element

The <hr> HTML element represents a thematic break between paragraph-level elements: for example, a change of scene in a story, or a shift of topic within a section.

Historically, this has been presented as a horizontal rule or line. While it may still be displayed as a horizontal rule in visual browsers, this element is now defined in semantic terms, rather than presentational terms, so if you wish to draw a horizontal line, you should do so using appropriate CSS.

Content categories Flow content.
Permitted content None, it is an empty element.
Tag omission It must have start tag, but must not have an end tag.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts flow content.
Implicit ARIA role separator
Permitted ARIA roles presentation or none
DOM interface HTMLHRElement

Attributes

This element's attributes include the global attributes.

align
Sets the alignment of the rule on the page. If no value is specified, the default value is left.
color
Sets the color of the rule through color name or hexadecimal value.
noshade
Sets the rule to have no shading.
size
Sets the height, in pixels, of the rule.
width
Sets the length of the rule on the page through a pixel or percentage value.

Example

HTML

<p>
  This is the first paragraph of text.
  This is the first paragraph of text.
  This is the first paragraph of text.
  This is the first paragraph of text.
</p>

<hr>

<p>
  This is the second paragraph of text.
  This is the second paragraph of text.
  This is the second paragraph of text.
  This is the second paragraph of text.
</p>

Result

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard (HTML)
# the-hr-element

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also