# <hr>: The Thematic Break (Horizontal Rule) element

The HTML <hr> element represents a thematic break between paragraph-level elements (for example, a change of scene in a story, or a shift of topic with a section); historically, this has been presented as a horizontal rule or line. While it may still be displayed as a horizontal rule in visual browsers, this element is now defined in semantic terms, rather than presentational terms, so if you wish to draw a horizontal line, you should do so using appropriate CSS.

Content categories Flow content. None, it is an empty element. It must have start tag, but must not have an end tag. Any element that accepts flow content. presentation HTMLHRElement

## Attributes

This element's attributes include the global attributes.

align
Sets the alignment of the rule on the page. If no value is specified, the default value is left.
color
Sets the color of the rule through color name or hexadecimal value.
Sets the rule to have no shading.
size
Sets the height, in pixels, of the rule.
width
Sets the length of the rule on the page through a pixel or percentage value.

## Example

<p>
This is the first paragraph of text.
This is the first paragraph of text.
This is the first paragraph of text.
This is the first paragraph of text.
</p>

<hr>

<p>
This is the second paragraph of text.
This is the second paragraph of text.
This is the second paragraph of text.
This is the second paragraph of text.
</p>

Above HTML will output:

This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text. This is the first paragraph of text.

This is the second paragraph of text. This is the second paragraph of text. This is the second paragraph of text. This is the second paragraph of text.

## Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<hr>' in that specification.
Living Standard Definition of the hr element
HTML Living Standard Living Standard Suggested default rendering of the hr element
HTML5
The definition of '<hr>' in that specification.
Recommendation
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<hr>' in that specification.
Recommendation The align, noshade, size and width attributes are deprecated

## Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
align Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
color Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
noshade Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
size Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
width Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
align Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
color Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
noshade Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
size Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
width Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes