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    This article is in need of a technical review.

    This is an experimental technology
    Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for the proper prefixes to use in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the spec changes.


    The HTML <menu> element represents a group of commands that a user can perform or activate. This includes both toolbar menus, which might appear across the top of a screen, as well as popup menus, such as those that might appear underneath a button after it has been clicked.

    Usage note: The <menu> and <ul> elements both represent an unordered list of items. The key difference is that <ul> primarily contains items for display, whilst <menu> is intended for interactive items, to act on.

    Note: This element was deprecated in HTML4, but reintroduced in HTML5.

    • Content categories Flow content. Additionally, if in the toolbar menu state, palpable content. (Toolbar menu is the default state, unless the parent element is a <menu> in the popup menu state.)
    • Permitted content If the element is in the toolbar menu state: flow content, or alternatively, zero or more occurrences of <li>, <script>, and <template>.
      If the element is in the popup menu state: zero or more occurrences, in any order, of <menu> (popup menu state only), <menuitem>, <hr>, <script>, and <template>.
    • Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
    • Permitted parent elements Any element that accepts flow content.
    • DOM interface HTMLMenuElement


    This element includes the global attributes.

    The name of the menu as shown to the user. Used within nested menus, to provide a label through which the submenu can be accessed. Must only be specified when the parent element is a <menu> in the popup menu state.
    This attribute indicates the kind of menu being declared, and can be one of two values.
    • popup: The popup menu state, which represents a group of commands activated through another element. This might be through the menu attribute of a <button>, or an element with a contextmenu attribute. When nesting <menu> elements directly within one another, this is the missing value default if the parent is already in this state.
    • toolbar: The toolbar menu state, which represents a series of commands for user interaction. This is the missing value default, except where the parent element is a <menu> in the popup menu state.


    Example 1

    <!-- A button, which displays a menu when clicked. -->
    <button type="menu" menu="dropdown-menu">
    <menu type="popup" id="dropdown-menu">
      <menuitem label="Action">
      <menuitem label="Another action">
      <menuitem label="Separated action">

    Example 2

    <!-- A toolbar for a simple editor, containing two menu buttons. -->
        <button type="menu" value="File" menu="file-menu">
        <menu type="popup" id="file-menu">
          <menuitem label="New..." onclick="newFile()">
          <menuitem label="Save..." onclick="saveFile()">
        <button type="menu" value="Edit" menu="edit-menu">
        <menu type="popup" id="edit-menu">
          <menuitem label="Cut..." onclick="cutEdit()">
          <menuitem label="Copy..." onclick="copyEdit()">
          <menuitem label="Paste..." onclick="pasteEdit()">


    Specification Status Comment
    WHATWG HTML Living Standard
    The definition of '<menu>' in that specification.
    Living Standard  
    The definition of '<menu>' in that specification.
    Working Draft  

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    Basic support ? ?[1] ? ? ?
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support ? ?[1] ? ? ?

    [1] Gecko has some implementation, though it is not compatible to the specification. See bug 1100749.

    See also