<source> HTML element specifies multiple media resources for the
<audio> element, or the
<video> element. It is a void element, meaning that it has no content and does not have a closing tag. It is commonly used to offer the same media content in multiple file formats in order to provide compatibility with a broad range of browsers given their differing support for image file formats and media file formats.
|Permitted content||None; it is a void element.|
|Tag omission||It must have a start tag, but must not have an end tag.|
A media element—
|Implicit ARIA role||No corresponding role|
|Permitted ARIA roles||No
This element includes the global attributes.
Address of the media resource.
A list of one or more strings, separated by commas, indicating a set of possible images represented by the source for the browser to use. Each string is composed of:
- One URL specifying an image.
- A width descriptor, which consists of a string containing a positive integer directly followed by
"w", such as
300w. The default value, if missing, is the infinity.
- A pixel density descriptor, that is a positive floating number directly followed by
"x". The default value, if missing, is
Each string in the list must have at least a width descriptor or a pixel density descriptor to be valid. The two types of descriptors should not be mixed together and only one should be used consistently throughout the list. Among the list, the value of each descriptor must be unique. The browser chooses the most adequate image to display at a given point of time. If the
sizesattribute is present, then a width descriptor must be specified for each string. If the browser does not support
srcwill be used for the default source.
A list of source sizes that describes the final rendered width of the image represented by the source. Each source size consists of a comma-separated list of media condition-length pairs. Before laying the page out, the browser uses this information to determine which image is defined in
srcsetto use. Please note that
sizeswill have its effect only if width dimension descriptors are provided with
srcsetinstead of pixel ratio values (200w instead of 2x for example).
Media query of the resource's intended media.
The intrinsic height of the image, in pixels. Must be an integer without a unit.
The intrinsic width of the image in pixels. Must be an integer without a unit.
type attribute isn't specified, the media's type is retrieved from the server and checked to see if the user agent can handle it; if it can't be rendered, the next
<source> is checked. If the
type attribute is specified, it's compared against the types the user agent can present, and if it's not recognized, the server doesn't even get queried; instead, the next
<source> element is checked at once.
When used in the context of a
<picture> element, the browser will fall back to using the image specified by the
<img> child if it is unable to find a suitable image to use after examining every provided
<source> element is a void element, which means that it not only has no content but also has no closing tag. That is, you never use "
</source>" in your HTML.
For information about image formats supported by web browsers and guidance on selecting appropriate formats to use, see our Image file type and format guide on the web. For details on the video and audio media types you can use, see the Guide to media types formats used on the web.
This example demonstrates how to offer a video in Ogg format for users whose browsers support Ogg format, and a QuickTime format video for users whose browsers support that. If the
video element is not supported by the browser, a notice is displayed instead. If the browser supports the element but does not support any of the specified formats, an
error event is raised and the default media controls (if enabled) will indicate an error. Be sure to reference our guide to media types and formats on the web for details on what media file formats you can use and how well they're supported by browsers.
<video controls> <source src="foo.webm" type="video/webm" /> <source src="foo.ogg" type="video/ogg" /> <source src="foo.mov" type="video/quicktime" /> I'm sorry; your browser doesn't support HTML video. </video>
For more examples, the learning area article Video and audio content is a great resource.
In this example, two
<source> elements are included within the
<picture>, providing versions of an image to use when the available space exceeds certain widths. If the available width is less than the smallest of these widths, the user agent will fall back to the image given by the
<picture> <source srcset="mdn-logo-wide.png" media="(min-width: 800px)" /> <source srcset="mdn-logo-medium.png" media="(min-width: 600px)" /> <img src="mdn-logo-narrow.png" alt="MDN Web Docs" /> </picture>
<picture> element, you must always include an
<img> with a fallback image, with an
alt attribute to ensure accessibility (unless the image is an irrelevant background decorative image).
In this example, three
<source> elements with
width attributes are included in a
A media query allows the browser to select an image to display with the
width attributes based on the viewport size.
<picture> <source srcset="landscape.png" media="(min-width: 1000px)" width="1000" height="400" /> <source srcset="square.png" media="(min-width: 800px)" width="800" height="800" /> <source srcset="portrait.png" media="(min-width: 600px)" width="600" height="800" /> <img src="fallback.png" alt="Image used when the browser does not support the sources" width="500" height="400" /> </picture>
|HTML Standard |
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