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The itemprop global attribute is used to add properties to an item. Every HTML element can have an itemprop attribute specified, and an itemprop consists of a name-value pair. Each name-value pair is called a property, and a group of one or more properties forms an item. Property values are either a string or a URL and can be associated with a very wide range of elements including <audio><embed><iframe><img><link><object><source> , <track>, and <video>.

Examples

HTML

<div itemscope itemtype ="http://schema.org/Movie">
  <h1 itemprop="name">Avatar</h1>
  <span>Director: <span itemprop="director">James Cameron</span> (born August 16, 1954)</span>
  <span itemprop="genre">Science fiction</span>
  <a href="../movies/avatar-theatrical-trailer.html" itemprop="trailer">Trailer</a>
</div>

Structured data

  Item
itemprop name itemprop value
itemprop name Avatar
itemprop director James Cameron
itemprop genre Science fiction
itemprop trailer ../movies/avatar-theatrical-trailer.html

Properties

Properties have values that are either a string or a URL. When a string value is a URL, it is expressed using the an element and its href attribute, the img element and its src attribute, or other elements that link to or embed external resources.

Three properties with values that are strings

<div itemscope>
 <p>My name is <span itemprop="name">Neil</span>.</p>
 <p>My band is called <span itemprop="band">Four Parts Water</span>.</p>
 <p>I am <span itemprop="nationality">British</span>.</p>
</div>

One property, "image", whose value is a URL

<div itemscope>
 <img itemprop="image" src="google-logo.png" alt="Google">
</div>

When a string value can't be easily read and understood by a person (e.g., a long string of numbers and letters), it can be displayed using the value attribute of the data element, with the more easily-understood-by-a human-version given in the element's contents (which is not part of the structured data - see example below).

An item with a property whose value is a product ID. The ID is not human-friendly, so the product's name is used the human-visible text instead of the ID.

<h1 itemscope>
 <data itemprop="product-id" value="9678AOU879">The Instigator 2000</data>
</h1>

For numeric data, the meter element and its value attribute can be used.

A meter element example

<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Product">
 <span itemprop="name">Panasonic White 60L Refrigerator</span>
 <img src="panasonic-fridge-60l-white.jpg" alt="">
  <div itemprop="aggregateRating"
       itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AggregateRating">
   <meter itemprop="ratingValue" min=0 value=3.5 max=5>Rated 3.5/5</meter>
   (based on <span itemprop="reviewCount">11</span> customer reviews)
  </div>
</div>

Similarly, for date- and time-related data, the time element and its datetime attribute can be used.

In this example, the item has one property, "birthday", whose value is a date

<div itemscope>
 I was born on <time itemprop="birthday" datetime="2009-05-10">May 10th 2009</time>.
</div>

Properties can also be groups of name-value pairs, by putting the itemscope attribute on the element that declares the property. Each value is either a string or a group of name-value pairs (i.e. an item).

In this example, the outer item represents a person, and the inner one represents a band

<div itemscope>
 <p>Name: <span itemprop="name">Amanda</span></p>
 <p>Band: <span itemprop="band" itemscope> <span itemprop="name">Jazz Band</span> (<span itemprop="size">12</span> players)</span></p>
</div>

The outer item above has two properties, "name" and "band". The "name" is "Amanda", and the "band" is an item in its own right, with two properties, "name" and "size". The "name" of the band is "Jazz Band", and the "size" is "12". The outer item in this example is a top-level microdata item. Items that are not part of others are called top-level microdata items.

This example is the same as the previous one, but all the properties are separated from their items

<div itemscope id="amanda" itemref="a b"></div>
<p id="a">Name: <span itemprop="name">Amanda</span></p>
<div id="b" itemprop="band" itemscope itemref="c"></div>
<div id="c">
 <p>Band: <span itemprop="name">Jazz Band</span></p>
 <p>Size: <span itemprop="size">12</span> players</p>
</div>

This gives the same result as the previous example. The first item has two properties, "name", set to "Amanda", and "band", set to another item. That second item has two further properties, "name", set to "Jazz Band", and "size", set to "12".

An item can have multiple properties with the same name and different values.

This example describes an ice cream, with two flavors

<div itemscope>
 <p>Flavors in my favorite ice cream:</p>
 <ul>
  <li itemprop="flavor">Lemon sorbet</li>
  <li itemprop="flavor">Apricot sorbet</li>
 </ul>
</div>

This results in an item with two properties, both with the name "flavor" and having the values "Lemon sorbet" and "Apricot sorbet".

An element introducing a property can also introduce multiple properties at once, to avoid duplication when some of the properties have the same value.

Here we see an item with two properties, "favorite-color" and "favorite-fruit", both set to the value "orange"

<div itemscope>
 <span itemprop="favorite-color favorite-fruit">orange</span>
</div>

Note: There is no relationship between the microdata and the content of the document where the microdata is marked up.

There is no semantic difference between the following two examples

<figure>
 <img src="castle.jpeg">
 <figcaption><span itemscope><span itemprop="name">The Castle</span></span> (1986)</figcaption>
</figure>
<span itemscope><meta itemprop="name" content="The Castle"></span>
<figure>
 <img src="castle.jpeg">
 <figcaption>The Castle (1986)</figcaption>
</figure>

Both have a figure with a caption, and both, completely unrelated to the figure, have an item with a name-value pair with the name "name" and the value "The Castle". The only difference is that if the user drags the figcaption out of the document, the item will be included in the drag-and-drop data. The image associated with the item won't be included.

Names and values

A property is an unordered set of unique tokens that are case-sensitive and represent the name-value pairs. The property value must have at least one token. In the example below, each data cell is a token.

Names examples

  Item
itemprop name itemprop value
itemprop country Ireland
itemprop Option 2
itemprop https://www.flickr.com/photos/nlireland/6992065114/ Ring of Kerry
itemprop img https://www.flickr.com/photos/nlireland/6992065114/
itemprop website flickr
itemprop (token) (token)

Tokens are either strings or URL's. An item is called a typed item if it is a URL. Otherwise, it is a string. Strings cannot contain a period or a colon (see below).

  1. If the item is a typed item it must be either:
    1. A defined property name, or
    2. A valid URL, which refers to the vocabulary definition, or
    3. A valid URL that is used as a proprietary item property name (i.e. one not defined in a public specification), or
  2. If the item is not a typed item it must be:
    1. A string that contains no "." (U+002E FULL STOP) characters and no ":" characters (U+003A COLON) and is used as a proprietary item property name (again, one not defined in a public specification).

Note: the rules above disallow ":" characters in non-URL values because otherwise they could not be distinguished from URLs. Values with "." characters are reserved for future extensions. Space characters are disallowed because otherwise the values would be parsed as multiple tokens.

Values

The property value of a name-value pair is as given for the first matching case in the following list:

  • If the element has an itemscope attribute
    • The value is the item created by the element.
  • If the element is a meta element
    • The value is the value of the element's content attribute
  • If the element is an audio, embed, iframe, img, source, track, or video element
    • The value is the resulting URL string that results from parsing the value of the element's src attribute relative to the node document (part of the Microdata DOM API) of the element at the time the attribute is set
  • If the element is an a, area, or link element
    • The value is the resulting URL string that results from parsing the value of the element's href attribute relative to the node document of the element at the time the attribute is set
  • If the element is an object element
    • The value is the resulting URL string that results from parsing the value of the element's data attribute relative to the node document of the element at the time the attribute is set
  • If the element is a data element
    • The value is the value of the element's value attribute
  • If the element is a meter element
    • The value is the value of the element's value attribute
  • If the element is a time element
    • The value is the element's datetime value

Otherwise

  • The value is the element's textContent.

If a property's value is a URL, the property must be specified using a URL property element. The URL property elements are the a, area, audio, embed, iframe, img, link, object, source, track, and video elements.

Name order

Names are unordered relative to each other, but if a particular name has multiple values, they do have a relative order.

In the following example, the "a" property has the values "1" and "2", in that order, but whether the "a" property comes before the "b" property or not is not important

<div itemscope>
 <p itemprop="a">1</p>
 <p itemprop="a">2</p>
 <p itemprop="b">test</p>
</div>

The following is equivalent

<div itemscope>
 <p itemprop="b">test</p>
 <p itemprop="a">1</p>
 <p itemprop="a">2</p>
</div>

As is the following

<div itemscope>
 <p itemprop="a">1</p>
 <p itemprop="b">test</p>
 <p itemprop="a">2</p>
</div>

And the following

<div id="x">
 <p itemprop="a">1</p>
</div>
<div itemscope itemref="x">
 <p itemprop="b">test</p>
 <p itemprop="a">2</p>
</div>

Other examples

HTML

<dl itemscope 
    itemtype="http://vocab.example.net/book" 
    itemid="urn:isbn:0-330-34032-8"
 <dt>Title <dd itemprop="title">The Reality Dysfunction 
 <dt>Author <dd itemprop="author">Peter F. Hamilton 
 <dt>Publication date 
 <dd><time itemprop="pubdate" datetime="1996-01-26">26 January 1996</time> </dl>

Structured data

itemscope itemtype: itemid http://vocab.example.net/book: urn:isbn:0-330-34032-8
itemprop title The Reality Dysfunction
itemprop author Peter F. Hamilton
itemprop pubdate 1996-01-26

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
itemprop   WG Note - No longer being actively developed

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: SphinxKnight, rolfedh, duncanmcdonald, MarkBeleski, neotam
 Last updated by: SphinxKnight,