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# <caption>: The Table Caption element

The HTML Table Caption element (`<caption>`) specifies the caption (or title) of a table, and if used is always the first child of a `<table>`. Its styling and physical position relative to the table may be changed using the CSS `caption-side` and `text-align` properties.

Content categories None. Flow content. The end tag can be omitted if the element is not immediately followed by ASCII whitespace or a comment. A `` element, as its first descendant. None `HTMLTableCaptionElement`

## Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

### Obsolete attributes

The following attributes are obsolete and should not be used. They are documented below for reference when updating existing code and for historical interest only.

`align`
This enumerated attribute indicates how the caption must be aligned with respect to the table. It may have one of the following values:
`left`
The caption is displayed to the left of the table.
`top`
The caption is displayed above the table.
`right`
The caption is displayed to the right of the table.
`bottom`
The caption is displayed below the table.
Usage note: Do not use this attribute, as it has been deprecated. The `<caption>` element should be styled using the CSS properties `caption-side` and `text-align`.

## Usage notes

When the `<table>` element that contains the `<caption>` is the only descendant of a `<figure>` element, you should use the `<figcaption>` element instead of `<caption>`.

## Example

This simple example presents a table that includes a caption.

```<table>
<caption>Example Caption</caption>
<tr>
<th>Email</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>user1</td>
<td>user1@sample.com</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>user2</td>
<td>user2@sample.com</td>
</tr>
</table>```

## Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<caption>' in that specification.
Living Standard
HTML5
The definition of '<caption>' in that specification.
Recommendation
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<caption>' in that specification.
Recommendation

## Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
`align` Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
`align` Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes