The HTML Table Caption element (<caption>) specifies the caption (or title) of a table, and if used is always the first child of a <table>. Its styling and physical position relative to the table may be changed using the CSS caption-size and text-align properties.

Content categories None.
Permitted content Flow content.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents A <table> element, as its first descendant.
Permitted ARIA roles None
DOM interface HTMLTableCaptionElement

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

Obsolete attributes

The following attributes are obsolete and should not be used. They are documented below for reference when updating existing code and for historical interest only.

align
This enumerated attribute indicates how the caption must be aligned with respect to the table. It may have one of the following values:
left
The caption is displayed to the left of the table.
top
The caption is displayed above the table.
right
The caption is displayed to the right of the table.
bottom
The caption is displayed below the table.
Usage note: Do not use this attribute, as it has been deprecated: the <caption> element should be styled using the CSS properties caption-side and text-align.

Usage notes

When the <table> element that is the parent of this <caption> is the only descendant of a <figure> element, you should use the <figcaption> element instead of <caption>.

Examples

Table With Caption

<table>
  <caption>Example Caption</caption>
  <tr>
    <th>Login</th>
    <th>Email</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>user1</td>
    <td>user1@sample.com</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>user2</td>
    <td>user2@sample.com</td>
  </tr>
</table>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<caption>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML5
The definition of '<caption>' in that specification.
Recommendation  
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<caption>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
align Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
align Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes

See also