The HTML <kbd> element represents user input and produces an inline element displayed in the browser's default monospace font.

Content categories Flow content, phrasing content, palpable content.
Permitted content Phrasing content.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts phrasing content.
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLElement Up to Gecko 1.9.2 (Firefox 4) inclusive, Firefox implements the interface HTMLSpanElement for this element.


This element only includes the global attributes.


<p>Type the following in the Run dialog:
  <kbd>cmd</kbd><br />Then click the OK button.</p>

<p>Save the document by pressing
  <kbd>Ctrl</kbd> + <kbd>S</kbd></p>



A CSS rule can be defined for the kbd selector to override the browser's default font face. Preferences set by the user might take precedence over the specified CSS.

When the <kbd> element is nested inside a <samp> element, it represents the input as it was echoed by the system.

When the <kbd> element contains a <samp> element, it represents input based on system output, for example invoking a menu item.

When the <kbd> element is nested inside another <kbd> element, it represents an actual key or other single unit of input as appropriate for the input mechanism.


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<kbd>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
The definition of '<kbd>' in that specification.
Recommendation Expanded to include any user input, like voice input and individual keystrokes.
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<kbd>' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes Yes1 Yes Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic support Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: teoli,