<fieldset>

Summary

The HTML <fieldset> element is used to group several controls as well as labels (<label>) within a web form.

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

disabled HTML5
If this Boolean attribute is set, the form controls that are its descendants, except descendants of its first optional <legend> element, are disabled, i.e., not editable. They won't receive any browsing events, like mouse clicks or focus-related ones. Often browsers display such controls as gray.
form HTML5
This attribute has the value of the id attribute of the <form> element its related to. Its default value is the id of the nearest <form> element it is a descendant of.
name HTML5
The name associated with the group, which is submitted with the form data.
The label for the field set is given by the first <legend> element that is a child of this field set.

Examples

Example #1: Form with fieldset, legend, and label

<form action="test.php" method="post">
  <fieldset>
    <legend>Title</legend>
    <input type="radio" name="radio" id="radio"> <label for="radio">Click me</label>
  </fieldset>
</form>

Example #2: Simulating an editable <select> through a fieldset of radioboxes and textboxes

The following example is made of pure HTML and CSS. There is no JavaScript code.

<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>Editable [pseudo]select</title>
<style type="text/css">

/* Generic form fields */

fieldset.elist, input[type="text"], textarea, select, option, fieldset.elist ul, fieldset.elist > legend, fieldset.elist input[type="text"], fieldset.elist > legend:after {
  -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;
  -moz-box-sizing: border-box;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

input[type="text"] {
  padding: 0 20px;
}

textarea {
  width: 500px;
  height: 200px;
  padding: 20px;
}

textarea, input[type="text"], fieldset.elist ul, select, fieldset.elist > legend {
  border: 2px #cccccc solid;
  border-radius: 10px;
}

input[type="text"], fieldset.elist, select, fieldset.elist > legend {
  height: 32px;
  font-family: Tahoma;
  font-size: 14px;
}

input[type="text"]:hover, textarea:hover, select:hover, fieldset.elist:hover > legend {
  background-color: #ddddff;
}

select {
  padding: 4px 20px;
}

option {
  height: 30px;
  padding: 5px 4px;
}

option:not(:checked), textarea:focus {
  background-color: #ffcccc;
}

fieldset.elist > legend:after, fieldset.elist label {
  height: 28px;
}

input[type="text"], fieldset.elist {
  width: 316px;
}

input[type="text"]:focus {
  background: #ffcccc url("data:image/gif;base64,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") no-repeat 2px center !important;
}

input[type="text"]:focus, textarea:focus, select:focus, fieldset.elist > legend {
  border: 2px #ccaaaa solid;
}

fieldset {
  border: 2px #af3333 solid;
  border-radius: 10px;
}

/* Editable [pseudo]select (i.e. fieldsets with [class=elist]) */

fieldset.elist {
  display: inline-block;
  position: relative;
  vertical-align: middle;
  overflow: visible;
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  border: none;
}

fieldset.elist ul {
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  max-height: 320px;
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  overflow: hidden;
  background-color: transparent;
}

fieldset.elist:hover ul {
  background-color: #ffffff;
  border: 2px #af3333 solid;
  left: 2px;
  overflow: auto;
}

fieldset.elist ul > li {
  list-style-type: none;
  background-color: transparent;
}

fieldset.elist label {
  display: none;
  width: 100%;
}

fieldset.elist input[type="text"] {
  width: 100%;
  height: 30px;
  line-height: 30px;
  border: none;
  background-color: transparent;
  border-radius: 0;
}

fieldset.elist > legend {
  display: block;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0 0 0 5px;
  position: absolute;
  width: 100%;
  cursor: default;
  background-color: #ccffcc;
  line-height: 30px;
  font-style: italic;
}

fieldset.elist:hover > legend {
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
}

fieldset.elist > legend:after {
  width: 20px;
  content: "\2335";
  float: right;
  text-align: center;
  border-left: 2px #cccccc solid;
  font-style: normal;
  cursor: default;
}

fieldset.elist:hover > legend:after {
  background-color: #99ff99;
}

fieldset.elist ul input[type="radio"] {
  display: none;
}

fieldset.elist input[type="radio"]:checked ~ label {
  display: block;
  width: 292px;
  background-color: #ffffff;
}

fieldset.elist:hover input[type="radio"]:checked ~ label {
  width: 100%;
}

fieldset.elist:hover label {
  display: block;
  height: 100%;
}

fieldset.elist label:hover {
  background-color: #3333ff !important;
}

fieldset.elist:hover input[type="radio"]:checked ~ label {
  background-color: #aaaaaa;
}

</style>

</head>
<body>

<form name="tshirt" method="get" action="test.php">

<fieldset>
    <legend>Order a T-Shirt</legend>
    <p>Write your name (simple textbox): <input type="text" name="myname" /></p>
    <p>Choose your size (simple select):
    <select name="size">
        <option value="s">Small</option>
        <option value="m">Medium</option>
        <option value="l">Large</option>
        <option value="xl">Extra Large</option>
    </select></p>
    <div>What address do you want to use? (editable pseudoselect)
    <fieldset class="elist">
        <legend>Address&hellip;</legend>
        <ul>
            <li><input type="radio" name="address-chosen" value="1" id="address-switch_1" checked /><label for="address-switch_1"><input type="text" name="address-item_1" value="19 Quaker Ridge Rd. Bethel CT 06801" /></label></li>
            <li><input type="radio" name="address-chosen" value="2" id="address-switch_2" /><label for="address-switch_2"><input type="text" name="address-item_2" value="1000 Coney Island Ave. Brooklyn NY 11230" /></label></li>
            <li><input type="radio" name="address-chosen" value="3" id="address-switch_3" /><label for="address-switch_3"><input type="text" name="address-item_3" value="2962 Dunedin Cv. Germantown TN 38138" /></label></li>
            <li><input type="radio" name="address-chosen" value="4" id="address-switch_4" /><label for="address-switch_4"><input type="text" name="address-item_4" value="915 E 7th St. Apt 6L. Brooklyn NY 11230" /></label></li>
        </ul>
    </fieldset>
    </div>
    <p>Write a comment:<br />
    <textarea name="comment"></textarea></p>
    <p><input type="reset" value="Reset" /> <input type="submit" value="Send!" /></p>
</fieldset>

</form>

</body>
</html>

View this example in action

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard Living Standard  
HTML5 Candidate Recommendation  
HTML 4.01 Specification Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.0) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

See also

Attachments

File Size Date Attached by
Editable select
Simulating an editable select through a fieldset of radioboxes and inputboxes.
5437 bytes 2013-01-12 10:17:59 fusionchess

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: gavrilov,