The HTML <rp> element is used to provide fall-back parentheses for browsers that do not support display of ruby annotations using the <ruby> element.

Content categories None.
Permitted content Text
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents A <ruby> element. <rp> must be positioned immediately before or after an <rt> element.
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLElement

Attributes

This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

  • Ruby annotations are for showing pronunciation of East Asian characters, like using Japanese furigana or Taiwanese bopomofo characters. The <rp> element is used in the case of lack of <ruby> element support; the <rp> content provides what should be displayed in order to indicate the presence of a ruby annotation, usually parentheses.

Example

<ruby>
  漢 <rp>(</rp><rt>Kan</rt><rp>)</rp>
  字 <rp>(</rp><rt>ji</rt><rp>)</rp>
</ruby>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<rp>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML5
The definition of '<rp>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support5 No385155
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic support Yes Yes No38 Yes15 Yes

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: teoli,