The HTML <figure> element represents self-contained content, frequently with a caption (<figcaption>), and is typically referenced as a single unit.

Content categories Flow content, sectioning root, palpable content.
Permitted content A <figcaption> element, followed by flow content; or flow content followed by a <figcaption> element; or flow content.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts Flow content.
Permitted ARIA roles group, presentation
DOM interface HTMLElement

Attributes

This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

  • Usually a <figure> is an image, illustration, diagram, code snippet, etc., that is referenced in the main flow of a document, but that can be moved to another part of the document or to an appendix without affecting the main flow.
  • Being a sectioning root, the outline of the content of the <figure> element is excluded from the main outline of the document.
  • A caption can be associated with the <figure> element by inserting a <figcaption> inside it (as the first or the last child).

Examples

Images

<!-- Just an image -->
<figure>
  <img
  src="https://developer.cdn.mozilla.net/media/img/mdn-logo-sm.png"
  alt="A robotic monster over the letters MDN.">
</figure>

<!-- Image with a caption -->
<figure>
  <img
  src="https://developer.cdn.mozilla.net/media/img/mdn-logo-sm.png"
  alt="A robotic monster over the letters MDN.">	
  <figcaption>MDN Logo</figcaption>
</figure>

Code snippets

<figure>
  <figcaption>Get browser details using <code>navigator</code>.</figcaption>
  <pre>
function NavigatorExample() {
  var txt;
  txt = "Browser CodeName: " + navigator.appCodeName;
  txt+= "Browser Name: " + navigator.appName;
  txt+= "Browser Version: " + navigator.appVersion ;
  txt+= "Cookies Enabled: " + navigator.cookieEnabled;
  txt+= "Platform: " + navigator.platform;
  txt+= "User-agent header: " + navigator.userAgent;
}</pre>
</figure>

Quotations

<figure>
  <figcaption><cite>Edsger Dijkstra:</cite></figcaption>
  <blockquote>If debugging is the process of removing software bugs,
  then programming must be the process of putting them in.</blockquote>
</figure>

Poems

<figure>
  <p style="white-space:pre">
Bid me discourse, I will enchant thine ear,
  Or like a fairy trip upon the green,
Or, like a nymph, with long dishevell'd hair,
  Dance on the sands, and yet no footing seen:
Love is a spirit all compact of fire,
  Not gross to sink, but light, and will aspire.</p>
  <figcaption><cite>Venus and Adonis</cite>,
    by William Shakespeare</figcaption>
</figure>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<figure>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML 5.2
The definition of '<figure>' in that specification.
Recommendation No changes from HTML 5.0.
HTML5
The definition of '<figure>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 8Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 4IE Full support 9Opera Full support 11Safari Full support 5.1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 11Safari iOS Full support 5.1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also