Summary

The HTML Head Element (<head>) provides general information (metadata) about the document, including its title and links to or definitions of scripts and style sheets

  • Content categories None.
  • Permitted contentIf the element is an <iframe> srcdoc, or if title information is available from a higher level protocol, zero or more elements of metadata content.
    Otherwise, one or more elements of metadata content where exactly one is a <title> element.
  • Tag omission The start tag may be omitted if the first thing inside the head element is an element.
    The end tag may be omitted if the first thing following the head element is not a space character or a comment.
  • Permitted parent elements As the first child of an <html> element.
  • DOM interface HTMLHeadElement

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

profile HTML 4 only, in HTML5
The URIs of one or more metadata profiles, separated by white space.

Example

<html>
  <head>
    <title>Document title</title>
  </head>
</html>

Notes

Most browsers automatically construct a <head> element if the tags are omitted in the markup. However some do not.
These browsers were tested as not creating a head element automatically: Android <=1.6, iPhone <=3.1.3, Nokia 90, Opera <=9.27, and Safari <=3.2.1.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<head>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML5
The definition of '<head>' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation  
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<head>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1.0 (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: Jeremie,