The title global attribute contains text representing advisory information, related to the element it belongs to.

Some typical uses:

  • Labeling <iframe> elements
  • Providing an inline programmatically associated label for an <input> element
  • Labeling controls in data tables

If this attribute is omitted, it means that the title of the nearest ancestor of this element is still relevant (and could be used as the tooltip for that element). If this attribute is set to the empty string, it explicitly means its nearest ancestor's title is not relevant (and shouldn't be used in the tooltip for this element).

Additional semantics are attached to the title attributes of the <link>, <abbr>, <input> and <menuitem> elements.

The title attribute may contain several lines. Each U+000A LINE FEED (LF) inserted represents such a newline. Some caution must be taken, as this means:

<p>Newlines in title should be taken into account, like this <abbr title="This is a
multiline title">example</abbr>.</p>

This example defines a two-line title.

Accessibility concerns

Use of the title attribute is highly problematic for:

  • People using touch-only devices
  • People navigating with keyboards
  • People navigating with the aid of assistive technology such as screen readers or magnifiers
  • People experiencing fine motor control impairments
  • People with cognitive concerns.

This is mainly due to inconsistent browser support, compounded by the additional complication introduced by assistive technology's parsing of the browser-rendered page. If a tooltip effect is desired, it is better to use a technique that can be accessed with these browsing methods.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'title' in that specification.
Living Standard No change from latest snapshot, HTML 5.1
HTML 5.1
The definition of 'title' in that specification.
Recommendation Snapshot of HTML Living Standard, no change from HTML5
HTML5
The definition of 'title' in that specification.
Recommendation Snapshot of HTML Living Standard. From HTML 4.01 Specification, it is now a true global attribute.
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of 'title' in that specification.
Recommendation Supported on all elements but <base>, <basefont>, <head>, <html>, <meta>, <param>, <script>, and <title>.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Multi-line support Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Multi-line support ? ? ? Yes ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: ericwbailey,